Psych Notes Ch. 5 - C h. 5: Learning L ea rning: One of the...

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Ch. 5: Learning Learning: One of the most fundamental aspects of psychology Associative Learning: learning that certain events go together Conditioning: process of learning associations Types of Learning: Classical Conditioning o Unconditional stimulus (UCS): Something that naturally/ automatically triggers a response Pavlov: meat powder o Unconditional response (UCR): Unlearned, naturally occurring response to an UCS Pavlov: salivating after meat powder o Conditional stimulus (CS): Previously neutral stimulus that after being paired with an UCS begins to trigger a response Pavlov: bell o Conditional response (CR): Learned response to a previously neutral CS Pavlov: salivating after bell UCR and CR are often the same behavior, just caused by different stimuli Process of Classical Learning: Originally UCS and UCR are paired together naturally o Meat powder=salivating The CS causes no response o Bell=nothing During conditioning, UCS and CS are presented together leading to the UCR
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o Bell then meat powder=salivating Eventually, the CS (bell) can produce a CR (salivating) all by itself o Bell=salivating Basic Conditioning Processes: Acquisition: the initial stage of learning, when response is established and strengthened o When the CS comes to cause the CR to happen Pavlov: when dogs began salivating to bell Extinction: the diminishing of a conditioned response o Stop pairing UCS with CS and eventually CS stops causing CR o Pavlov: dogs stop salivating to bell after it isn’t paired with meat for a while Spontaneous Recovery: the reappearance of an extinguished conditioned response o Stop pairing UCS with CS and eventually extinction occurs o Give a break from procedure o Come back and find CS causes CR again Generalization:
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Psych Notes Ch. 5 - C h. 5: Learning L ea rning: One of the...

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