HTM421week3food_and_religion

HTM421week3food_and_religion - Lesson2 • Food wine and...

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Unformatted text preview: Lesson2 • Food, wine and culture: Food types, religious influences and categorization A few important definitions… • Culture : values, beliefs, attitudes, and practices accepted by a community of individuals. • Enculturation: the process of passing one’s culture from generation to generation. • Ethnicity : cultural membership • Acculturation : when people from one cultural group move to an area with different cultural norms and adaptation to the new ‘majority’ begins. • Assimilation : when people from one cultural group shed their ethnic identity and fully merge into the majority culture. The study of cultural foods… • Etic : viewpoint of an outsider to the culture • Emic : viewpoint of an insider to the culture • Cultural relativity : understanding a culture within the context of that culture avoiding one’s own biases. • Ethnocentric : term applied to a person who does not practice cultural relativity and who believes that his or her own habits are superior in some way to those of another culture. People’s food relationships • With their gods • With food taboos and injunctions • With the role of foods in how people were ranked socially • With cannibalism • With foods considered by some cultures especially disagreeable, exotic, or repulsive Food was an instrument for the study of other things… • Loyalties • Relationships to others • Religion • What could food be used for? Novelists, filmmakers, poets, and songwriters… • Ingestion and sexuality, both intimate manifestations of our nature as living creatures, stand in different but parallel relationships to our human consciousness. Food • Is any substance that provides the nutrients necessary to maintain life and growth when ingested. Eating is distinguished from feeding by the ways in which humans use food • Gather, hunt, cultivate plants and raise livestock • Create rules regarding how to use food • Eating standards • Food habits Food habits • The way in which humans use food – How it is selected, obtained, and distributed – Who prepares it, serves it, eats it Development of food habits • Physical needs • Social needs • Belongingness • Status • Self-realization Food choice • Taste/flavor principles: – Color – Aroma – Taste • Sweet, sour, salty, bitter • Cost • Convenience Food as self-expression • “Restaurant” comes from the French for “ restorative” and was first used in the 1800’s. Choice may change….. • Infants • Children • Young adults • Middle-age • Old age Comfort Foods • “Comfort foods are foods whose consumption evoke a psychologically pleasurable state for a person.” • Whatever the trigger, the emotions evoked by food are powerful factors in the human drive to eat. Symbolic Uses of Food • It is the symbolic use of food that is important to each cultural group. One example • http://www.youtube. What is religion?What is religion?...
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HTM421week3food_and_religion - Lesson2 • Food wine and...

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