HTM421week3food_and_religion

HTM421week3food_and_religion - Lesson2 Food, wine and...

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Unformatted text preview: Lesson2 Food, wine and culture: Food types, religious influences and categorization A few important definitions Culture : values, beliefs, attitudes, and practices accepted by a community of individuals. Enculturation: the process of passing ones culture from generation to generation. Ethnicity : cultural membership Acculturation : when people from one cultural group move to an area with different cultural norms and adaptation to the new majority begins. Assimilation : when people from one cultural group shed their ethnic identity and fully merge into the majority culture. The study of cultural foods Etic : viewpoint of an outsider to the culture Emic : viewpoint of an insider to the culture Cultural relativity : understanding a culture within the context of that culture avoiding ones own biases. Ethnocentric : term applied to a person who does not practice cultural relativity and who believes that his or her own habits are superior in some way to those of another culture. Peoples food relationships With their gods With food taboos and injunctions With the role of foods in how people were ranked socially With cannibalism With foods considered by some cultures especially disagreeable, exotic, or repulsive Food was an instrument for the study of other things Loyalties Relationships to others Religion What could food be used for? Novelists, filmmakers, poets, and songwriters Ingestion and sexuality, both intimate manifestations of our nature as living creatures, stand in different but parallel relationships to our human consciousness. Food Is any substance that provides the nutrients necessary to maintain life and growth when ingested. Eating is distinguished from feeding by the ways in which humans use food Gather, hunt, cultivate plants and raise livestock Create rules regarding how to use food Eating standards Food habits Food habits The way in which humans use food How it is selected, obtained, and distributed Who prepares it, serves it, eats it Development of food habits Physical needs Social needs Belongingness Status Self-realization Food choice Taste/flavor principles: Color Aroma Taste Sweet, sour, salty, bitter Cost Convenience Food as self-expression Restaurant comes from the French for restorative and was first used in the 1800s. Choice may change.. Infants Children Young adults Middle-age Old age Comfort Foods Comfort foods are foods whose consumption evoke a psychologically pleasurable state for a person. Whatever the trigger, the emotions evoked by food are powerful factors in the human drive to eat. Symbolic Uses of Food It is the symbolic use of food that is important to each cultural group. One example http://www.youtube. What is religion?What is religion?...
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HTM421week3food_and_religion - Lesson2 Food, wine and...

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