Motiwalla_ch02

Motiwalla_ch02 - CHAPTER 2 SYSTEMS INTEGRATION 1 Learning Objectives Understand the impact of organizational structure on information systems Find

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 CHAPTER 2 SYSTEMS INTEGRATION
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Learning Objectives Understand the impact of organizational structure on information systems. Find out about the types of functional silos in organizations. Learn about the evolution of information systems technology generations and architectures and its influence on silo environment. Know what systems integration is and why it is important for organizations. Understand the role of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems in systems integration.
Background image of page 2
3 Preview Systems integration means that you allow a heterogeneous (hodgepodge) IS to communicate or integrate and share information (or data) seamlessly with one another. Systems integration is a key issue for an organization for its growth; therefore, management needs to pay close attention to this issue.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4 Functional Silos Silos are basically compartmentalized operating units isolated from their environment. Horizontal Silos The POSDCORB (Planning, Organizing, Staffing, Directing, Coordinating, Reporting and Budgeting) categorization by Luther Gulick led to a set of formal organization functions such as control, management, supervision, and administration starting in late 1930s. Classification of organizations into departments like Accounting and Human Resources, reflects the breaking of complex tasks into smaller manageable tasks that could be assigned to a group of people who could then be held responsible.
Background image of page 4
5 Figure 2-1 Functional Model of Organization (POSDCORB) Step 1 Resource categorization Instituting IT support for an integrated systems environment is necessary to avoid support and maintenance problems with the integrated system. Step 2 Compliance and standards Develop a single sign-on policy because all employees and external partners will need access to an integrated system from anywhere, anytime. Step 3 Legacy systems support Develop a policy in support of older legacy applications. Step 4 Middleware tools Middleware tools are essential for integration in the short term if existing applications must be used by the organization.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
6 Functional Silos (Cont’d) Vertical Silos Organizations also divided roles in hierarchical layers from strategic planning to management control and operation control. CEOs and Presidents plan long-term strategy, midlevel management focuses on tactical issues and on the execution of organizational policy whereas the lower-level management task is to focus on the day-to-day operations of the company. As organizations get big and complex they tend to break
Background image of page 6
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/08/2011 for the course ISYS 363 taught by Professor Bmak during the Spring '08 term at S.F. State.

Page1 / 26

Motiwalla_ch02 - CHAPTER 2 SYSTEMS INTEGRATION 1 Learning Objectives Understand the impact of organizational structure on information systems Find

This preview shows document pages 1 - 7. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online