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Motiwalla_ch03 - CHAPTER 3 ENTERPRISE SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE...

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1 CHAPTER 3 ENTERPRISE SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE
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2 Learning Objectives Examine in detail the enterprise systems modules and architecture. Understand the implication of good architecture on ERP implementation. Know the various types of ERP architectures and the related benefits and drawbacks of each architecture. Learn about the Service Oriented Architecture and its impact on ERP systems.
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3 Preview Once ERP systems are integrated and implemented successfully in a company, they become the cornerstone of the organization because every single transaction will be processed through this system. In addition to the Systems Integration, it is also necessary to focus on: Business process architecture. Business requirements. Budget. Project management. Commitments from top management. Continuous communication with employees informing them about future changes.
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4 Why Study Enterprise Systems Architecture? Help management and the implementation teams understand in detail the features and components of the enterprise system. Provide a visual representation of the complex system interfaces among the ERP application and databases, operating systems, legacy applications, and networking. Management can develop a better IT plan if the system infrastructure requirements, training requirements, change management requirements, and business process reengineering requirements, among others are clarified.
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5 Figure 3-1 Enterprise Systems Architecture (ESA) Model
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6 ERP Modules The key role of an ERP system is to provide support for such business functions as accounting, sales, inventory control, and production. ERP vendors, including SAP, Oracle, and Microsoft provide modules that support the major functional areas of a business. The ERP software embeds best business practices that implement the organization’s policy and procedure via business rules.
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7 Figure 3-2 Typical ERP Modules
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8 ERP Modules From Three Vendors Function SAP Oracle/ PeopleSoft Microsoft Dynamics Sales Sales and Distribution, Sales Opportunity Marketing and Sales, Supply Chain Management Retail POS, Field Service Management Procurement Purchasing, Supplier Relationship Management Procurement and Supplier Relationship Management Supply Chain Management Production MRP, Product Life Cycle Management Manufacturing Manufacturing Accounting Financial Accounting Financial Management Financial Management
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9 ERP Modules From Three Vendors (Cont’d) Function SAP Oracle/ PeopleSoft Microsoft Dynamics Distribution Warehouse Management Supply Chain Management Distribution Management Customer Service CRM CRM CRM Corporate Performance & Governance Governance, Risk, and Compliance Management Corporate Performance Management Analytics Human Resources Human Capital Management Human Capital Management HR Management Miscellaneous Banking Campus Solutions E-commerce, Portals
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10 Overview of Modules Production Helps in the planning and optimizing of the manufacturing capacity, parts, components, and
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2011 for the course ISYS 363 taught by Professor Bmak during the Spring '08 term at S.F. State.

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Motiwalla_ch03 - CHAPTER 3 ENTERPRISE SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE...

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