Chapter 2 (2) Study Guide

Chapter 2 (2) Study Guide - Chapter 2 Neuroscience and...

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Chapter 2: Neuroscience and Behavior Chapter Overview Chapter 2 is concerned with the functions of the brain and its component neural systems, which provide the basis for all human behavior. Under the direction of the brain, the nervous and endocrine systems coordinate a variety of voluntary and involuntary behaviors and serve as the body’s mechanisms for communication with the external environment. The brain consists of the brainstem, the thalamus, the cerebellum, the limbic system, and the cerebral cortex. Knowledge of the workings of the brain has increased with advances in neuroscientific methods. Studies of split - brain patients have also given researchers a great deal of information about the specialized functions of the brain’s right and left hemispheres. Many students find the technical material in this chapter difficult to master. Not only are there many terms for you to remember, but you must also know the organization and function of the various divisions of the nervous system. Learning this material will require a great deal of rehearsal. Working the chapter review several times, drawing and labeling brain diagrams, and mentally reciting terms are all useful techniques for rehearsing this type of material. Introduction Preview First, skim the introduction. Then read the following objective and, as you read, search for the information that will enable you to meet each objective. 1.Explain why psychologists are concerned with human biology. Stepping Through the Introduction After you have read this material, complete the sentences and answer the questions. As you proceed, evaluate your performance by consulting the answers on page 65. Do not continue with the next section until you understand each answer. If you need to, review or reread the text material before continuing. 1. In the most basic sense, every idea, mood, memory, and behavior that an individual has ever experienced is a ______________ phenomenon. 2. The theory that linked our mental abilities to bumps on the skull was ______________ . 3. Researchers who study the links between biology and behavior are called ______________ ______________ . Neural Communication ( pp. 58 - 65 ) David Myers at times uses idioms that are unfamiliar to some readers. If you do not know the meaning of any of the following words, phrases, or expressions in the context in which they appear in the text, refer to “Focus on Vocabulary” for an explanation: to shoot a basketball; an ill - fated theory; a wrong - headed theory; fortunate fact of nature; building blocks; a sluggish 2 miles per hour to. . . a breakneck 200 or more miles; rather like manhole covers flipping open; boggles; somewhat like pushing a neuron’s accelerator. .. more like pushing its brake; How do we distinguish a gentle touch from a big hug; “protoplasmic kisses”; the neuron is democratic; runner’s high; They trigger unpleasant, lingering aftereffects; Agonists excite Antagonists inhibit; some chemicals don’t have the
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Chapter 2 (2) Study Guide - Chapter 2 Neuroscience and...

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