Chapter 5 (2) Study Guide

Chapter 5 (2) Study Guide - Chapter Title Chapter Overview...

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Chapter Title Chapter Overview Sensation refers to the process by which we detect physical energy from the environment and encode it as neural signals. This chapter describes the senses of vision, hearing, taste, touch, smell, kinesthesis, and the vestibular sense. It also presents research findings from studies of subliminal stimulation. In this chapter there are many terms to learn and several theories you must understand. Many of the terms are related to the structure of the eye, ear, and other sensory receptors. Doing the chapter review several times, labeling the diagrams, and rehearsing the material frequently will help you to memorize these structures and their functions. The theories discussed include the signal detection, Young - Helmholtz three - color and opponent - process theories of color vision, and the frequency and place theories of pitch. As you study these theories, concentrate on understanding the strengths and weaknesses ( if any ) of each. Introducing Sensation ( p. 193 ) David Myers at times uses idioms that are unfamiliar to some readers. If you do not know the meaning of any of the following words, phrases, or expressions in the context in which they appear in the text, refer to “Focus on Vocabulary” for an explanation:... in the mirror size is again stumped . Introduction Preview First, skim the introduction. Then read the following objectives and, as you read the text, search for the information that will enable you to meet each objective. 1. Contrast the processes of sensation and perception. Stepping Through the Introduction After you have read the introduction, complete the sentences and answer the questions. As you proceed, evaluate your performance by consulting the answers. Do not continue with the next section until you understand each answer. If you need to, review or reread the section in the textbook before continuing. 1. The process by which we detect physical energy from the environment and encode it as neural signals is ______________ . The process by which sensations are selected, organized, and interpreted is ______________ . 2. Sensory analysis, which starts at the entry level and works up, is called ______________ - ______________ ______________ . Perceptual analysis, which works from our experience and expectations, is called ______________ - ______________ ______________ . 3. The perceptual disorder in which a person has lost the ability to recognize familiar faces is ______________ . Sensing the World: Some Basic Principles ( pp. 194 - 199 ) If you do not know the meaning of any of the following words, phrases, or expressions in the context in which they appear in the text, refer to “Focus on Vocabulary” for an explanation: A frog could starve to death knee - deep in motionless flies; The shades on our senses are open just a crack; the faintest whimper from the cradle; “satanic messages”; hucksters; price hike... to raise the eyebrows; everywhere that Mary looks the scene is sure to go.
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