Chapter 6 (2) Study Guide

Chapter 6 (2) Study Guide - Chapter 6: Perception Chapter...

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Chapter 6: Perception Chapter Overview Chapter 6 explores how we select, organize, and interpret our sensations into meaningful perceptions. The chapter introduces a wide range of terminology, especially in the Perceptual Organization section. Each of the two sections that follow deals with an important issue. The first issue is the role of experience, as opposed to heredity, in perception. Make sure you understand the results of studies of recovery from blindness, early sensory restriction, adaptation to distorted environments, and perceptual set. The second is the possible existence of ESP, or perception without sensation. You should be able to discuss both the claims made for ESP and the criticisms of these claims. Selective Attention and Perceptual Illusions ( pp. 231 - 236 ) David Myers at times uses idioms that are unfamiliar to some readers. If you do not know the meaning of any of the following words, phrases, or expressions in the context in which they appear in the text, refer to “Focus on Vocabulary” for an explanation: your attentional spotlight shifts; you may draw a blank; sauntered; ventriloquist’s dummy. Section Previews First, skim the sections, noting headings and boldface items. Then read the following objectives and, as you read the text, search for the information that will enable you to meet each objective. Answer guidelines begin on page 187. 1. Explain the concept of selective attention; give an example. 2. Explain how illusions help us to understand perception. Stepping Through the Sections After you have read the sections, complete the sentences and answer the questions. As you proceed, evaluate your performance by consulting the answers. Do not continue with the next section until you understand each answer. If you need to, review or reread the section in the textbook before continuing. 1. The philosopher ______________ first proposed that we perceive objects through the senses, with the mind. 2. Our tendency to focus at any moment on only a limited aspect of all that we are capable of experiencing is called ______________ ______________ . One example of this is the ______________ ______________ ______________ the ability to attend selectively to only one voice among many. 3. One example of our lack of awareness of happenings around us is ______________ , in which after a brief ______________ interruption we fail to notice a change in the environment. 4. The tendency of vision to dominate the other senses is referred to as ______________ ______________ . Perceptual Organization ( pp. 236 - 248 ) If you do not know the meaning of any of the following words, phrases, or expressions in the context in which they appear in the text, refer to “Focus on Vocabulary” for an explanation: yen; Sometimes, however, they can lead us astray; mothers then coaxed them to crawl out onto the glass; The floating finger sausage; As we move, objects that are actually stable may appear to move; By flashing 24 still pictures; through a paper tube;
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Chapter 6 (2) Study Guide - Chapter 6: Perception Chapter...

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