Chapter 7 (2) Study Guide

Chapter 7 (2) Study Guide - Chapter 7 Consciousness Chapter...

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Chapter 7: Consciousness Chapter Overview Consciousness our awareness of ourselves and our environment can be experienced in various states. Chapter 7 examines not only waking consciousness, but also sleep and dreaming, daydreaming, fantasies, hypnotic states, drug - altered states, and near - death experiences. Most of the terminology in this chapter is introduced in the sections on Sleep and Dreams and on Drugs and Consciousness. Among the issues discussed are why we sleep and dream, whether hypnosis is a unique state of consciousness, and possible psychological and social roots of drug use. Waking Consciousness (pp. 265-268) David Myers at times uses idioms that are unfamiliar to some readers. If you do not know the meaning of any of the following words, phrases, or expressions in the context in which they appear in the text, refer to page 227 for an explanation ( note that one item appears in the chapter introduction ) : a fundamental yet slippery concept; Psychology had nearly lost consciousness; consciousness is but the tip of the information processing iceberg; to lag the brain events that evoke it, Running on automatic pilot . Section Preview First, skim the section, noting headings and boldface items. Then read the following objectives and, as you read the text, search for the information that will enable you to meet each objective. 1. Discuss the nature of consciousness and its significance in the history of psychology. 2. Discuss the different levels of information processing. 3. Discuss the nature and potential functions of daydreams and fantasies. Stepping Through the Section After you have read the sections, complete the sentences and answer the questions. As you proceed, evaluate your performance by consulting the answers. Do not continue with the next section until you understand each answer. If you need to, review or reread the section in the textbook before continuing. 1. The study of was central in the early years of psychology and in recent decades, but for quite some time it was displaced by the study of observable ______________ . Define consciousness in a sentence. 2. Asked to press a button when they feel a tap, people respond ( before/after ) they become conscious they have responded. In comparison with unconscious processing, conscious processing has a ( n ) ( limited/unlimited ) capacity, is relatively ( fast/slow ) , and processes pieces of information ( simultaneously/successively ) . 3. Tasks that are less habitual ( require/do not require ) conscious attention. 4. Most people ( do/do not ) daydream every day. Compared to older adults, young adults spend ( more/less ) time daydreaming. Explain why some psychologists consider daydreaming to be adaptive. Steep and Dreams
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Chapter 7 (2) Study Guide - Chapter 7 Consciousness Chapter...

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