Chapter 7: Consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our
can be experienced in various states.
Chapter 7 examines not only waking consciousness, but
also sleep and dreaming, daydreaming, fantasies,
hypnotic states, drug
altered states, and near
Most of the terminology in this chapter is introduced
in the sections on Sleep and Dreams and on Drugs and
Consciousness. Among the issues discussed are why we
sleep and dream, whether hypnosis is a unique state of
consciousness, and possible psychological and social
roots of drug use.
Waking Consciousness (pp. 265-268)
David Myers at times uses idioms that are
unfamiliar to some readers. If you do not
know the meaning of any of the following
words, phrases, or expressions in the context
in which they appear in the text, refer to page
227 for an explanation
note that one item
appears in the chapter introduction
fundamental yet slippery concept; Psychology had
nearly lost consciousness; consciousness is but the tip
of the information processing iceberg; to lag the brain
events that evoke it, Running on automatic pilot
First, skim the section, noting headings and boldface
items. Then read the following objectives and, as you
read the text, search for the information that will
enable you to meet each objective.
1. Discuss the nature of consciousness and its
significance in the history of psychology.
2. Discuss the different levels of information
3. Discuss the nature and potential functions of
daydreams and fantasies.
Stepping Through the Section
After you have read the sections, complete the
sentences and answer the questions. As you proceed,
evaluate your performance by consulting the answers.
Do not continue with the next section until you
understand each answer. If you need to, review or
reread the section in the textbook before continuing.
1. The study of was central in the early years of
psychology and in recent decades, but for quite
some time it was displaced by the study of
observable ______________ .
Define consciousness in a sentence.
2. Asked to press a button when they feel a tap,
conscious they have responded. In comparison
with unconscious processing, conscious processing
capacity, is relatively
, and processes pieces of information
3. Tasks that are less habitual
require/do not require
4. Most people
daydream every day.
Compared to older adults, young adults spend
Explain why some psychologists consider daydreaming
to be adaptive.
Steep and Dreams