Chapter 9 (2) Study Guide

Chapter 9 (2) Study Guide - Chapter 9: Memory Chapter...

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Chapter 9: Memory Chapter Overview Chapter 9 explores human memory as a system that processes information in three steps. Encoding refers to the process of putting information into the memory system. Storage is the purely passive mechanism by which information is maintained in memory. Retrieval is the process by which information is accessed from memory through recall or recognition. Chapter 9 also discusses the important role of meaning, imagery, and organization in encoding new memories, how memory is represented physically in the brain, and how forgetting may result from failure to encode or store information or to find appropriate retrieval cues. The final section of the chapter discusses the issue of memory construction. How “true” are our memories of events? A particularly controversial issue in this area involves suspicious claims of long - repressed memories of sexual abuse and other traumas that are “recovered” with the aid of hypnosis and other techniques. As you study this chapter, try applying some of the memory and studying tips discussed in the text. The Phenomenon of Memory ( pp. 344 - 346 ) David Myers at times uses idioms that are unfamiliar to some readers. If you do not know the meaning of any of the following words, phrases, or expressions in the context in which they appear in the text, refer to Focus on Vocabulary for an explanation:. .. mind’s storehouse, the reservoir; the roots and fruits; medal winners in a memory Olympics; memory feats; shine the flashlight beam of our attention on. Section Preview First, skim the section, noting headings and boldface items. Then read the following objective and, as you read the text, search for the information that will enable you to meet that objective. Answer guidelines are provided on page 279. 1. Explain memory in terms of information processing. Stepping Through the Section After you have read the section, complete the sentences and answer the questions. As you proceed, evaluate your performance by consulting the answers. Do not continue with the next section until you understand each answer. If you need to, review or reread the section in the textbook before continuing. 1. Learning that persists over time indicates the existence of ______________ for that learning. 2. Memories for surprising, significant moments that are especially clear are called ______________ memories. 3. Both human memory and computer memory can be viewed as ______________ ______________ systems that perform three tasks: ______________ , ______________ , and ______________ . 4. The most influential model of memory in recent years has been Atkinson and Shiffrin’s ______________ - ______________ ______________ model. According to this model, we first record information as a fleeting ______________ - ______________ , from which it is processed into a ______________ ______________ memory, where the information is into a ______________ - ______________ memory for later retrieval. 5. The phenomenon of short
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Chapter 9 (2) Study Guide - Chapter 9: Memory Chapter...

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