Chapter 11 (2) Study Guide

Chapter 11 (2) Study Guide - Chapter 11: Intelligence...

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Chapter 11: Intelligence Chapter Overview An enduring controversy in psychology involves attempts to define and measure intelligence. Chapter 11 describes the historical origins of intelligence tests and discusses several important issues concerning their use. These include the methods by which intelligence tests are constructed and whether such tests are valid, reliable, and free of bias. The chapter also discusses whether intelligence is a single general ability or several specific ones, the stability of intelligence, research that attempts to assess the neurological basis of intelligence, and the extent of genetic and environmental influences on intelligence. The Origins of Intelligence Testing ( pp. 419 - 422 ) David Myers at times uses idioms that are unfamiliar to some readers. If you do not know the meaning of any of the following words, phrases, or expressions, in the context in which they appear in the text, refer to Focus on Vocabulary for an explanation: sparked debate; heirs pondered; “dull” child; “mental orthopedics”; Li lamented. Section Preview First, skim the section, noting headings and boldface items. Then read the following objective and, as you read the text, search for the information that will enable you to meet that objective. Answer guidelines are provided on page 334. 1. Trace the origins of intelligence tests. Stepping Through the Section After you have read the section, complete the sentences and answer the questions. As you proceed, evaluate your performance by consulting the answers. Do not continue with the next section until you understand each answer. If you need to, review or reread the section in the textbook before continuing. 1. Tests that assess a person’s mental capacities and compare them to those of others, using numerical scores, are called ______________ tests. 2. The early Greek philosopher ______________ concluded that individuals differed in their natural endowments. 3. The French psychologist who devised a test to predict the success of children in school was ______________ . Predictions were made by comparing children’s chronological ages with their ______________ ages, which were determined by the test. This test ( was/was not ) designed to measure inborn intelligence. 4. Lewis Terman’s revision of Binet’s test is referred to as the ______________ - ______________ . This test enables one to derive a ( n ) ______________ ______________ for an individual. Give the original formula for computing IQ and explain any items used in the formula. 5. Today’s tests compute ______________ ( IQ/ a mental ability score ) by comparing the individual’s performance to the average performance of people of ( the same/different ) age ( s ) . These tests are designed so that a score of ______ is considered average. 6. When given intelligence tests in the early 1900s,
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Chapter 11 (2) Study Guide - Chapter 11: Intelligence...

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