Chapter 12 (2) Study Guide

Chapter 12 (2) Study Guide - Chapter 12: Motivation and...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 12: Motivation and Work Chapter Overview Motivation is the study of forces that energize and direct our behavior. Chapter 12 discusses various motivational concepts and looks closely at four motives: hunger, sex, the need to belong, and motivation at work. Research on hunger points to the interplay between physiological and psychological ( internal and external ) factors in motivation. Sexual motivation in men and women is triggered less by physiological factors and more by external incentives. Even so, research studies demonstrate that sexual orientation is neither willfully chosen, nor easily changed. Research on worker motivation reveals that workers who view their careers as a meaningful calling, those working in jobs that optimize their skills, and those who become absorbed in activities that result in “flow” find work satisfying and enriching. Effective leaders recognize this and develop management styles that focus on workers’ strengths and adapt their leadership style to the situation. Introducing Motivation ( p. 455 ) David Myers at times uses idioms that are unfamiliar to some readers. If you do not know the meaning of the following words in the context in which it appears in the text, refer to Focus on Vocabulary for an explanation: truant officer. Introduction Preview First, skim the introduction. Then read the following objective and, as you read the text, search for the information that will enable you to meet that objective. 1. Define motivation. Motivational Concepts ( pp. 456 - 459 ) If you do not know the meaning of any of the following words, phrases, or expressions, in the context in which they appear in the text, refer to Focus on Vocabulary for an explanation: this fad for naming instincts collapsed under its own weight; feedback loops; monkey around . Section Preview First, skim the section, noting headings and boldface items. Then read the following objectives and, as you read the text, search for the information that will enable you to meet each objective. 1. Discuss the three perspectives that have influenced our understanding of motivation. 2. Discuss Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Stepping Through the Section After you have read the section, complete the sentences and answer the questions. Do not continue with the next section until you understand each answer. If you need to, review or reread the section in the textbook before continuing. 1. As a result of Darwin’s influence, many behaviors were classified as rigid, unlearned behavior patterns that are characteristic of a species, called _____________________. Discuss why early instinct theory failed as an explanation of human behavior. 2. The idea underlying the theory that _____________________ predispose species - typical behavior remains popular. 3. According to another view of motivation, organisms may experience a physiological _____________________, which creates a state of arousal that _____________________ the organism to reduce the need.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This document was uploaded on 09/08/2011.

Page1 / 15

Chapter 12 (2) Study Guide - Chapter 12: Motivation and...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online