Chapter 13: Emotion
Emotions are responses of the whole individual,
involving physiological arousal, expressive behaviors,
and conscious experience. Chapter 13 first discusses
several theoretical controversies concerning the
relationship and sequence of the components of
emotion, primarily regarding whether the body’s
response to a stimulus causes the emotion that is felt
and whether thinking is necessary to and must precede
the experience of emotion. After describing the
physiology of emotion and emotional expressiveness, it
examines the components of emotion in detail,
particularly as they relate to the emotions of fear,
anger, and happiness.
David Myers at times uses idioms that are
unfamiliar to some readers. If you do not
know the meaning of any of the following
words, phrases, or expressions in the context
in which they appear in the text, refer to
for an explanation:
add color to
First, skim the introduction. Then read the following
objective and, as you read the text, search for the
information that will enable you to meet that
1. Identify the three components of emotion.
Theories of Emotion
If you do not know the meaning of any of the following
words, phrases, or expressions in the context in which
they appear in the text, refer to
Focus on Vocabulary
an explanation: arousal of dread; lash out; weeping,
lumps in the throat.
.. ; Which is the chicken and which
the egg?; testy; hijack; The heart is not always subject
to the mind.
First, skim the section, noting headings and boldface
items. Then read the following objectives and, as you
read the text, search for the information that will
enable you to meet each objective.
1. Contrast and critique the James
Bard theories of emotion, and describe
factor theory of emotion.
2. Discuss evidence suggesting that some emotional
reactions can precede cognition, and describe the
two dimensions of emotion.
Stepping Through the Section
After you have read the section, complete the
sentences and answer the questions. As you proceed,
evaluate your performance by consulting the answers.
Do not continue with the next section until you
understand each answer. If you need to, review or
reread the section in the textbook before continuing.
1. According to the James
Lange theory, emotional
Describe two problems that Walter Cannon
identified with the James
2. Cannon proposed that emotional stimuli in the
environment are routed simultaneously to the
_____________________ , which results in
awareness of the emotion, and to the
_____________________ nervous system, which
causes the body’s reaction. Because another
scientist concurrently proposed similar ideas, this
theory has come to be known as the
3. For victims of spinal cord injuries who have lost all