Chapter 16 (2) Study Guide

Chapter 16 (2) Study Guide - Chapter 16 Psychological...

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Chapter 16: Psychological Disorders Chapter Overview Although there is no clear - cut line between normal and abnormal behavior, we can characterize as abnormal those behaviors that are atypical, disturbing, maladaptive, and unjustifiable. Chapter 16 discusses types of anxiety, mood disorders, dissociative disorders, schizophrenia, and personality disorders, as classified by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( DSM - IV ) . Although this classification system follows a medical model, in which disorders are viewed as illnesses, the chapter discusses psychological as well as physiological factors, as advocated by the current bio - psycho - social perspective. Thus, psychoanalytic theory, learning theory, social - cognitive theory, and other psychological perspectives are drawn on when relevant. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the incidence of serious psychological disorders in society today. Your major task in this chapter is to learn about psychological disorders, their various subtypes and characteristics, and their possible causes. Since the material to be learned is extensive, it may be helpful to rehearse it by mentally completing the Chapter Review several times. Perspectives on Psychological Disorders ( pp. 620 - 626 ) David Myers at times uses idioms that are unfamiliar to some readers. If you do not know the meaning of any of the following words, phrases, or expressions in the context in which they appear in the text, refer to Focus on Vocabulary for an explanation: eerie sense of self - recognition; draw the line; The devil made him do it, handy shorthand; fault the manual; self - fulfilling prophecies; Hinckley Insane, Public Mad. Section Preview First, skim the section, noting headings and boldface items. Then read the following objectives and, as you read the text, search for the information that will enable you to meet each objective. Answer guidelines begin on page 482. 1. List the criteria for judging whether behavior is disordered. 2. Explain and contrast two perspectives on psychological disorders. 3. Describe the system used to classify psychological disorders, and explain the reasons for its development. 4. Discuss the controversy surrounding the use of diagnostic labels. Stepping Through the Section After you have read the section, complete the sentences and answer the questions. As you proceed, evaluate your performance by consulting the answers. Do not continue with the next section until you understand each answer. If you need to, review or reread the section in the textbook before continuing. 1. Psychologically disorders are _____________________ _____________________ that must be judged to be _____________________ , _____________________ , _____________________ , and _____________________ . This definition emphasizes that standards of
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Chapter 16 (2) Study Guide - Chapter 16 Psychological...

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