Chapter 16 (3) Study Guide Answers

Chapter 16 (3) Study Guide Answers - Answers for Chapter...

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Answers for Chapter 16: Psychological Disorders Perspectives on Psychological Disorders Section Preview 1. Psychological disorders are harmful dysfunctions that are judged to be atypical, disturbing to others, maladaptive, and unjustifiable. 2. According to the medical perspective, psychological disorders are sicknesses that can be diagnosed on the basis of their symptoms and cured through therapy. Psychologists who work from the bio - psycho - social perspective assume that biological, sociocultural, and psychological factors combine and interact to produce psychological disorders. 3. DSM - IV - TR groups some 400 psychological disorders into 17 major categories. Diagnostic classification is intended to describe a disorder, predict its future course, imply its appropriate treatment, and stimulate research into its causes. 4. Most clinicians believe that diagnostic labels help in describing, treating, and researching the causes of psychological disorders. Critics contend that these labels are arbitrary value judgments that create preconceptions that can bias our perceptions and interpretations. Labels can also affect people’s self - images and stigmatize them in others’ eyes. Finally, labels can change reality by serving as self - fulfilling prophecies. Stepping Through the Section 1. harmful dysfunctions; atypical; disturbing; maladaptive; unjustifiable; variable 2. medical; illness; psychopathology 3. Pinel 4. nature; nurture; internal 5. depression; schizophrenia; anorexia nervosa; bulimia; dynamic; anxiety; symptoms 6. bio - psycho - social; genetic predispositions; physiological states; psychological dynamics; social; cultural 7. DSM - W; 17 8. psychotic disorders; neurotic disorders; describe; explain 9. show 10. increased; increased The “unDSM” is a new classification system that identifies 24 human strengths and virtues grouped into six clusters: wisdom and knowledge, courage, love, justice, temperance, and transcendance. 11. a significant Psychological labels may be arbitrary. They can create preconceptions that bias our perceptions and interpretations and they can affect people’s self - images. Moreover, labels can change reality, by serving as self - fulfilling prophecies. Despite these drawbacks, labels are useful in describing, treating, and researching the causes of psychological disorders. Anxiety Disorders Section Preview 1. There are four types of anxiety disorder: generalized anxiety disorder, in which a person feels inexplicably tense and apprehensive; phobia, in which a person has an irrational fear of a specific object or situation; obsessive - compulsive disorder, in which a person is troubled by repetitive thoughts or actions, and panic disorder, an extreme form of anxiety in which a person experiences sudden episodes of intense dread. 2. Freud viewed an anxiety disorder as a manifestation of
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Chapter 16 (3) Study Guide Answers - Answers for Chapter...

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