Chapter 17 (2) Study Guide

Chapter 17 (2) Study Guide - Chapter 17: Therapy Chapter...

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Chapter 17: Therapy Chapter Overview Chapter 17 discusses the major psychotherapies and biomedical therapies for maladaptive behaviors. The various psychotherapies all derive from the personality theories discussed earlier, namely, the psychoanalytic, humanistic, behavioral, and cognitive theories. The chapter groups the therapies by perspective but also emphasizes the common threads that run through them. In evaluating the therapies, the chapter points out that, although people who are untreated often improve, those receiving psychotherapy tend to improve somewhat more, regardless of the type of therapy they receive. This section includes a discussion of several popular alternative therapies. The biomedical therapies discussed are drug therapies; electroconvulsive therapy; and psychosurgery, which is seldom used. By far the most important of the biomedical therapies, drug therapies are being used in the treatment of psychotic, anxiety, and mood disorders. Because the origins of problems often lie beyond the individual, the chapter concludes with approaches that aim at preventing psychological disorders by focusing on the family or on the larger social environment as possible contributors to psychological disorders. The Psychological Therapies ( pp. 660 - 673 ) David Myers at times uses idioms that are unfamiliar to some readers. If you do not know the meaning of any of the following words, phrases, or expressions in the context in which they appear in the introduction and this section, refer to Focus on Vocabulary for an explanation: cracked the genetic code; gawk; common threads; fueled. .. residue; aim to boost; knocks the props out from under you; lore; drinks laced with a drug; aggressive and self - abusive behaviors; colors our feelings; catastrophizing. Section Preview First, skim the section, noting headings and boldface items. Then read the following objectives and, as you read the text, search for the information that will enable you to meet each objective. 1. Briefly explain the current approach to therapy. 2. Discuss the aims and methods of psychoanalysis and psychodynamic therapy, and explain the critics’ concerns with these forms of therapy. 3. Identify the basic themes of humanistic therapies and describe Rogers’ client - centered ( person - centered ) approach. 4. Identify the basic assumptions of behavior therapy, and discuss the classical conditioning therapies. 5. Describe the premise behind operant conditioning techniques, and explain the critics’ concerns with these techniques. 6. Identify the basic assumptions of the cognitive therapies, and describe group therapy. Stepping Through the Section After you have read the section, complete the sentences and answer the questions. As you proceed, evaluate your performance by consulting the answers. Do not continue with the next section until you understand each answer. If you need to, review or reread the section in the textbook before continuing. 1. Psychological therapy is more commonly called
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Chapter 17 (2) Study Guide - Chapter 17: Therapy Chapter...

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