26 - GENERAL CHEMISTRY Principles and Modern Applications...

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1 TENTH EDITION GENERAL CHEMISTRY Principles and Modern Applications ETRUCCI HERRING MADURA BISSONNETTE PETRUCCI HERRING MADURA BISSONNETTE Structures of Organic Compounds 26 Structures of Organic Compounds CONTENTS 26-1 Organic Compounds and Structures: An Overview 26-2 Alkanes 26-3 Cycloalkanes y 26-4 Stereoisomerism in Organic Compounds 26-5 Alkenes and Alkynes 26-6 Aromatic Hydrocarbons 6- Organic Compounds Containing 26 7 g pg Functional Groups 26-8 From Molecular Formula to Molecular Structure 26-1 Organic Compounds and Structures: An Overview FIGURE 26-1 Representations of the methane molecule The ethane molecule C 2 H 6 FIGURE 26-2
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2 The propane molecule, C 3 H 8 FIGURE 26-3 Constitutional isomers Line-angle formulas or line structures Nomenclature Select the longest continuous carbon chain. This determines the base name. Consider each branch and name similarly except change the name from –ane to –yl. Number the C atoms so that substituents have the lowest possible number.
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3 Nomenclature Name each substituent according to its identity and the number of the C atom to which it is attached. Use di, tri, tetra as appropriate. Separate numbers from one another by commas.
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26 - GENERAL CHEMISTRY Principles and Modern Applications...

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