Stair_-_Principals_-_Chapter_4[1]

Stair_-_Principals_-_Chapter_4[1] - Principles of...

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Unformatted text preview: Principles of Information Systems, Ninth Edition 4-1 Chapter 4 Software: Systems and Application Software At a Glance Instructors Manual Table of Contents Overview Principles and Objectives Teaching Tips Quick Quizzes Class Discussion Topics Additional Projects Additional Resources Key Terms Principles of Information Systems, Ninth Edition 4-2 Overview Software is indispensable for any computer system and the people using it. In this chapter, you will learn about systems and application software. Without systems software, computers would not be able to input data from a keyboard, make calculations, or print results. Application software is the key to helping you achieve your career goals. Principles and Objectives Principles Learning Objectives Systems and application software are critical in helping individuals and organizations achieve their goals. Identify and briefly describe the functions of the two basic kinds of software. Outline the role of the operating system and identify the features of several popular operating systems. Organizations should not develop proprietary application software unless doing so will meet a compelling business need that can provide a competitive advantage. Discuss how application software can support personal, workgroup, and enterprise business objectives. Identify three basic approaches to developing application software and discuss the pros and cons of each. Organizations should choose a programming language whose functional characteristics are appropriate for the task at hand, considering the skills and experience of the programming staff. Outline the overall evolution and importance of programming languages and clearly differentiate among the generations of programming languages. The software industry continues to undergo constant change; users need to be aware of recent trends and issues to be effective in their business and personal life. Identify several key software issues and trends that have an impact on organizations and individuals. Principles of Information Systems, Ninth Edition 4-3 Teaching Tips An Overview of Software 1. Introduce the terms computer programs and documentation . Systems Software 1. Note that the combination of a hardware configuration and systems software is referred to as a computer system platform. Application Software 1. Students should understand that before a person, group, or enterprise decides on the best approach for acquiring application software, they should carefully analyze their goals and needs. Supporting Individual, Group, and Organizational Goals 1. Introduce the terms personal sphere of influence , personal productivity software , personal productivity software , workgroup , workgroup sphere of influence , and enterprise sphere of influence ....
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2011 for the course ISYS 263 taught by Professor B.homan during the Spring '09 term at S.F. State.

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Stair_-_Principals_-_Chapter_4[1] - Principles of...

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