Lecture and Syllabus

Lecture and Syllabus - Sexual Variation in the West: The...

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Sexual Variation in the West: The Protestant Reformation, the Catholic Counter-Reformation, and the Rise and Reign of Bourgeois Respectability: 16th-19th Centuries I. Resources Blum, C. 2002. Strength in Numbers: Population, Reproduction, and Power in Eighteenth- Century France. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press. Friedman, D. 2001. A Mind of Its Own: A Cultural History of the Penis. New York: Free Press. Richards, J. 1990. Sex, Dissidence and Damnation: Minority Groups in the Middle Ages. London: Routledge. Weeks, J. 1981. Sex, Politics and Society: The Regulation of Sexuality since 1800. London: Longman Press. II. The Protestant Reformation & Sexuality A. 1510, Martin Luther Ignites the Protestant Reformation B. Protestantism, Capitalism and Sexuality 1. Luther: “Justification by Faith Alone”. Luther rejects all other paths to Christian salvation including celibacy, good works, ritual, pilgrimage, etc… 2. Luther marries a nun. Protestant societies begin a full-scale assault on monasteries and convents. 3. Protestants Elevate the Status of Marriage, but Negatively: “Marriage is an emergency hospital for the illness of human drives.” –Luther. 4. Luther battled against Catholic asceticism in advocating the enjoyment of every pleasure that was not sinful. Luther was lusty and vulgar in the "eat, drink and be merry" style. He claimed to have broken wind in the Devil's face. He fought Rome and claimed that celibacy was invented by the Devil and that priests could marry. He asserted marriage was not a sacrament at all, but a civil matter. C. The 16 th Century Wars of Religion Decimate Populations among both Catholics & Protestants. D. The Conflict & the Attendant Death Creates of Procreative Imperative on Both Sides: 1. This results in severe constraints on sexual variation and a wave of persecution of sexual non-conformists
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IV. The Catholic Counter-Reformation & Sexuality A. 1642, The Council of Trent 1. Marriage Declared a Sacrament
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Lecture and Syllabus - Sexual Variation in the West: The...

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