Critical Thinking 9e, Chapter 1 Instructor's Manual

Critical Thinking 9e, Chapter 1 Instructor's Manual -...

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Answers to Chapter One Homework Assignment Exercise 1-1 ▲1. An argument offers a reason or reasons for believing a claim is true. More technically, an argument consists of a conclusion and the premise or premises (the reason or reasons) said to support it. 3. False. Critical thinking is designed to find the truth; one may come into conflict with another person’s opinions and beliefs, but this is different from attacking the person. 5. True ▲7. All arguments have a conclusion, though the conclusion may not be explicitly stated. 9. True 11. Arguments are designed to settle issues, or at least to contribute to their settlement. The conclusion of an argument answers the question posed by an issue. “Jack is small; therefore, he should not go out for football,” for example, is an argument designed to settle the issue of whether Jack should go out for football. ▲13. No 15. False 17. Not by a long shot. All manner of devices are used to persuade; much of the book is devoted to nonargumentative methods. ▲19. False 21. False. In general, arguments are designed to show that something is true; explanations are designed to show how something came to be true. 23. True
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2011 for the course PHIL 110 taught by Professor Kay during the Spring '07 term at S.F. State.

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Critical Thinking 9e, Chapter 1 Instructor's Manual -...

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