Chapter_11.summer2010

Chapter_11.summer2010 - Chapter 11 Chapter The Self and...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 11 Chapter The Self and Identity Self-Understanding Self-Understanding Child’s cognitive representation of the self, Child’s substance and content of the child’s selfsubstance conceptions Self-recognition Before 1- no recognition Around 18 months- self-recognition Self awareness Age 3 Self-Understanding Self-Understanding Early Childhood: Confusion of self, mind, and body- self described in Confusion shape, size, and color shape, Concrete descriptions-things they know Physical descriptions-distinctions based on physical Physical and material differences and Active descriptions- based on activities they do Active Unrealistic positive overestimations- can’t distinguish Unrealistic real vs. ideal, don’t compare to others real Self-Understanding Self-Understanding Middle and Late Childhood: Internal Characteristics- difference b/w inner Internal and outer states, psychological awareness and Social Descriptions- members of social Social groups groups Social comparison-compare selves to others Real vs. Ideal Self Realistic- self-evaluations more realistic Self-Understanding Self-Understanding Adolescence: Abstract vs idealistic Self-consciousness- preoccupied with self Fluctuating self- changes over time and Fluctuating situation situation Real vs. Ideal self Self-integration- recognize inconsistencies Self-esteem and Self-Concept Self-esteem Self-esteem- person’s self-worth; global Self-esteemevaluation of self evaluation Self-concept- domain-specific evaluation Self-Esteem Self-Esteem Physical appearance and self-esteem Age differences? Gender differences across life span? Self-Esteem Self-Esteem Positive and negative outcomes Prosocial and antisocial behaviors Examples? Influences on self-esteem School performance Happiness Depression Suicide attempts Parenting characteristics Positive coping/achievement Activity Activity How would you describe yourself? Identity Identity Can include: Career Career Political Political Religious Relationship status Intellectual Intellectual Sexual Sexual Cultural/Ethnic Interest Personality Physical http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/video/flv/generic.h Identity Identity Erikson’s Theory Identity vs Identity Confusion Success=acceptable sense of self Failure= identity confusion Withdraw Isolate themselves Join the crowd Identity Identity Four statuses of identity: Diffusion-no crisis(exploration) or commitment Diffusion-no to identity to Foreclosure- made commitment, no crisis Moratorium- middle of crisis, vague Moratoriumcommitments commitments Achievement-been through crisis, made Achievement-been committment committment Identity Identity Identity Identity Family influences: Individuality & connectedness Individuality: Communicate point of view Use communication to express self Connectedness: Respect for others Openness to others views Identity Identity Culture and Ethnicity: Ethnic identity- enduring aspect of the self Ethnic that includes a sense of membership in an ethnic group ethnic Stronger with minority groups First-generation immigrants- secure identities Second-generation-retention of ethnic language Second-generation-retention and social networks and Identity Identity Strong Ethnic Identity: Higher school engagement Lower aggression Higher self-esteem ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2011 for the course PSY 2301 taught by Professor T during the Spring '11 term at Texas Tech.

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