{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}


Chapter_11.summer2010 - Chapter 11 Chapter The Self and...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Chapter 11 Chapter The Self and Identity Self-Understanding Self-Understanding Child’s cognitive representation of the self, Child’s substance and content of the child’s selfsubstance conceptions Self-recognition Before 1- no recognition Around 18 months- self-recognition Self awareness Age 3 Self-Understanding Self-Understanding Early Childhood: Confusion of self, mind, and body- self described in Confusion shape, size, and color shape, Concrete descriptions-things they know Physical descriptions-distinctions based on physical Physical and material differences and Active descriptions- based on activities they do Active Unrealistic positive overestimations- can’t distinguish Unrealistic real vs. ideal, don’t compare to others real Self-Understanding Self-Understanding Middle and Late Childhood: Internal Characteristics- difference b/w inner Internal and outer states, psychological awareness and Social Descriptions- members of social Social groups groups Social comparison-compare selves to others Real vs. Ideal Self Realistic- self-evaluations more realistic Self-Understanding Self-Understanding Adolescence: Abstract vs idealistic Self-consciousness- preoccupied with self Fluctuating self- changes over time and Fluctuating situation situation Real vs. Ideal self Self-integration- recognize inconsistencies Self-esteem and Self-Concept Self-esteem Self-esteem- person’s self-worth; global Self-esteemevaluation of self evaluation Self-concept- domain-specific evaluation Self-Esteem Self-Esteem Physical appearance and self-esteem Age differences? Gender differences across life span? Self-Esteem Self-Esteem Positive and negative outcomes Prosocial and antisocial behaviors Examples? Influences on self-esteem School performance Happiness Depression Suicide attempts Parenting characteristics Positive coping/achievement Activity Activity How would you describe yourself? Identity Identity Can include: Career Career Political Political Religious Relationship status Intellectual Intellectual Sexual Sexual Cultural/Ethnic Interest Personality Physical http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/video/flv/generic.h Identity Identity Erikson’s Theory Identity vs Identity Confusion Success=acceptable sense of self Failure= identity confusion Withdraw Isolate themselves Join the crowd Identity Identity Four statuses of identity: Diffusion-no crisis(exploration) or commitment Diffusion-no to identity to Foreclosure- made commitment, no crisis Moratorium- middle of crisis, vague Moratoriumcommitments commitments Achievement-been through crisis, made Achievement-been committment committment Identity Identity Identity Identity Family influences: Individuality & connectedness Individuality: Communicate point of view Use communication to express self Connectedness: Respect for others Openness to others views Identity Identity Culture and Ethnicity: Ethnic identity- enduring aspect of the self Ethnic that includes a sense of membership in an ethnic group ethnic Stronger with minority groups First-generation immigrants- secure identities Second-generation-retention of ethnic language Second-generation-retention and social networks and Identity Identity Strong Ethnic Identity: Higher school engagement Lower aggression Higher self-esteem ...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online