PE-Basic concepts&problems&Issues-NOTESrev09

PE-Basic - Basic Concepts of Physical Education Physical Chapter 10 Class Notes Rev 6/09 No longer thought of as No “fizz ed” “fizz 4

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Unformatted text preview: Basic Concepts of Physical Education Physical Chapter 10 Class Notes Rev 6/09 No longer thought of as No “fizz ed” “fizz 4 Objectives of Physical Education Education NASPE Content Standards in Physical Education Physical National Association for Sport & Physical Education Set standards for what it means to be a “physically educated person” Little agreement within PE about how to achieve them NASPE Content Standards in PE NASPE A physically educated person: 1. 2. 3. Demonstrates competency in motor skills & movement patterns needed to perform a variety of activities. Demonstrates understanding of movement concepts, principles, strategies, & tactics as they apply to the learning & performance of physical activities. Participates regularly in PA 1. 1. 2. 3. Achieves & maintains a health­ enhancing level of physical fitness. Exhibits responsible personal & social behavior that respects self & others in physical­activity settings. Values physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, self­expression, and/or social interaction. Movement Education Movement Derives from a larger human­movement philosophy that has strongly influenced physical educators since the 1970’s Most commonly organized around 3 areas: educational dance, educational gymnastics, & educational games More of an elementary school model Less emphasis on competitive dimension Health-Related Physical Education - HRPE Education Developed as a response to public health concerns To influence students toward a physically active lifestyle that contributes to health Comprehensive program involving teachers, cafeteria, parents, community programs Examples of HRPE Programs Examples Heart Smart – K­6 ­ Eating, exercise, anti­drug, anti­ smoking Know Your Body – K­6 ­ Classroom­based program focusing on diet, PA, anti­smoking Sports, Play, and Active Recreation for Kids (SPARK) – 4th & 5th grade ­ Promotes PA within & outside school ­ Self­management component­ kids learn to monitor their PA The Sport-Education Model The Sport-Education Model cont.. Sport-Education Students also learn the roles of coach, referee, administrator Students organize & manage their teams Referee games Keep records Publish future schedules The Adventure-Education Approach Approach Goals of Adventure-Education Model Model Issues with this model: Issues Sometimes involves traveling away from school More time is needed Need qualified instructors Risk is involved Spending extended time together Group fosters sense of involvement & intimacy that is almost impossible to re­create in a regular class period in a gym What is Physical Education? What Is it education in sport? Is it fitness education? Is it social development? Is it development through risk & adventure? Is it movement? Or…….is it all these things??? What Might We See? What Small children moving creatively to a poem or music 3rd graders using different implements to hit different objects 5th graders working hard as members of a soccer team in a match 9th graders rappelling down the outside wall of their gym 10th graders working on personal fitness programs State Requirements for PE State There is no federal law that requires PE to be taught in schools States vary widely in the degree to which they mandate PE Recent federal efforts to promote high­ quality daily PE may mark beginning of new era Senate Bill 530- Texas Senate Restores in our public schools a strong focus on basic health & exercise Requires 30 minutes of daily PA for K­5 Middle school­required to take 4 out of 6 semesters of PA Requires annual physical fitness assessment of students in grades 3­12 beginning in 2007­08 Fitnessgram Fitnessgram Is a comprehensive fitness assessment battery for youth A report card that summarizes each child’s performance on each component of health­related fitness Uses a comprehensive database structure to allow fitness records to be tracked over time Detailed reporting tools can summarize class, school, & district outcomes Fitnessgram includes tests to assess: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Physical Education for Students with Disabilities with We now call “Adapted PE” Public Law 94­142 singled out PE & intramurals as important school activities & required they be made available to students with special needs They need to be placed in “least restrictive environment” (LRE) Need to make effort to eventually mainstream them into regular classrooms – “inclusion” Has become a growing area of teacher preparation, research, & scholarship Liability Liability We live in an era when citizens have become increasingly assertive about prosecuting in courts of law to maintain their rights! Liability has affected what is done in PE & how it is done Example: Trampolines – too many safety issues Positive side­ more careful in planning & supervising activities Negative side­ Some activities not used because of perceived liability issues (rock climbing, rappelling) Title IX Title Major provision was that no person would be denied access to participation based on sex in any educational program receiving federal financial assistance Nearly every school in U.S. receives some form of federal assistance Influences of Title IX on Physical Education : Education Preparing to Become a PE Teacher Teacher Rules are made by individual states College degree from approved teacher­ education program Certification by the state­ usually K­12, also K­6, 7­12 States with many small, rural schools tend to require more than one teaching major (i.e. PE & history) Field experience or student teaching requirements vary among states PE Programs & Professions- Chap. 11 ProfessionsProblems & Issues in Physical Education Physical Chapter 12 Technology in PE Technology Many schools cannot afford Heart monitors enable students to track exercise patterns Students & teachers use internet to take part in newsgroups On­line technology newsletter for K­12 keeps students & teachers up to date Pedometers are widely used to count steps per day in fitness evaluation Issues in Elementary-School Physical Education Physical Time Time allotted in elementary schools varies widely within states Many convinced that regular PA during the school day actually enhances student performance Must link with community & sport programs for children to add to amount of time in PA Elementary Specialist Teachers Elementary Traditional elementary school is organized around the “self­contained” classroom – one teacher provides instruction in all subjects Most classroom teachers had only one course in PE methods Specialist teachers gaining popularity­ come in & relieve classroom teacher Facilities Facilities Issues in Secondary-School PE Issues Difficult teaching situations Co-ed Participation Co-ed Traditional classes separated boys from girls Title IX made co­ed mandatory Study of adolescent girls in PE found many of them disliked their PE classes intensely & tried to find ways to avoid them (Olafson, 2002) In HS offering choices seems to be good solution Exemptions Exemptions If PE is ever to be considered a basic subject in school curricula, then ALL students should be enrolled in it Ample evidence that in many states, PE not considered a truly basic subject Some schools exempt students for high scores on physical competency tests, participation in other activities, etc. So? So? Does it disturb you that PE seems to be suffering during a time in which sport & fitness have assumed major cultural importance? Shouldn’t school PE should provide the foundation for lifespan involvement in sport, fitness, and PE? The Physical­Science The Physical­Science and and The Social­Science Subdisciplines The Physical-Science Subdisciplines Subdisciplines – Exercise Physiology – Kinesiology & Biomechanics – Motor Behavior The initial kinesiology subdisciplines to emerge in the last quarter of 20th century Have a strong research focus A growing consulting­clinical focus The Social-Science Subdisciplines Subdisciplines Emerged later than physical­science subdisciplines Focused on critiquing & improving practice in sport, exercise, & PE – Sport Pedagogy – Sport Sociology – Sport & Exercise Psychology – The Sport Humanities ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2011 for the course ESS 1301 taught by Professor Keeton during the Fall '09 term at Texas Tech.

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