Unformatted text preview: Basic Concepts of
Rev 6/09 No longer thought of as
“fizz 4 Objectives of Physical
Education NASPE Content Standards in
Physical National Association for Sport & Physical Education Set standards for what it means to be a “physically educated person” Little agreement within PE about how to achieve them NASPE Content Standards in PE
A physically educated person:
1. 2. 3. Demonstrates competency in motor skills & movement patterns needed to perform a variety of activities.
Demonstrates understanding of movement concepts, principles, strategies, & tactics as they apply to the learning & performance of physical activities.
Participates regularly in PA 1.
2. 3. Achieves & maintains a health
enhancing level of physical fitness.
Exhibits responsible personal & social behavior that respects self & others in physicalactivity settings.
Values physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, selfexpression, and/or social interaction. Movement Education
Movement Derives from a larger humanmovement philosophy that has strongly influenced physical educators since the 1970’s Most commonly organized around 3 areas: educational dance, educational gymnastics, & educational games More of an elementary school model Less emphasis on competitive dimension Health-Related Physical
Education - HRPE
Education Developed as a response to public health concerns To influence students toward a physically active lifestyle that contributes to health Comprehensive program involving teachers, cafeteria, parents, community programs Examples of HRPE Programs
Heart Smart – K6 Eating, exercise, antidrug, anti smoking
Know Your Body – K6 Classroombased program focusing on diet, PA, antismoking
Sports, Play, and Active Recreation for Kids (SPARK) – 4th & 5th grade Promotes PA within & outside school Selfmanagement component kids learn to monitor their PA The Sport-Education Model
The Sport-Education Model cont..
Sport-Education Students also learn the roles of coach, referee, administrator Students organize & manage their teams Referee games Keep records Publish future schedules The Adventure-Education
Approach Goals of Adventure-Education
Model Issues with this model:
Sometimes involves traveling away from school More time is needed Need qualified instructors Risk is involved Spending extended time together Group fosters sense of involvement & intimacy that is almost impossible to recreate in a regular class period in a gym What is Physical Education?
What Is it education in sport? Is it fitness education? Is it social development? Is it development through risk & adventure? Is it movement? Or…….is it all these things??? What Might We See?
What Small children moving creatively to a poem or music 3rd graders using different implements to hit different objects 5th graders working hard as members of a soccer team in a match 9th graders rappelling down the outside wall of their gym 10th graders working on personal fitness programs State Requirements for PE
State There is no federal law that requires PE to be taught in schools States vary widely in the degree to which they mandate PE Recent federal efforts to promote high
quality daily PE may mark beginning of new era Senate Bill 530- Texas
Restores in our public schools a strong focus on basic health & exercise Requires 30 minutes of daily PA for K5 Middle schoolrequired to take 4 out of 6 semesters of PA Requires annual physical fitness assessment of students in grades 312 beginning in 200708 Fitnessgram
Fitnessgram Is a comprehensive fitness assessment battery for youth A report card that summarizes each child’s performance on each component of healthrelated fitness Uses a comprehensive database structure to allow fitness records to be tracked over time Detailed reporting tools can summarize class, school, & district outcomes Fitnessgram includes tests to assess: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Physical Education for Students
We now call “Adapted PE” Public Law 94142 singled out PE & intramurals as important school activities & required they be made available to students with special needs They need to be placed in “least restrictive environment” (LRE) Need to make effort to eventually mainstream them into regular classrooms – “inclusion” Has become a growing area of teacher preparation, research, & scholarship Liability
We live in an era when citizens have become increasingly assertive about prosecuting in courts of law to maintain their rights! Liability has affected what is done in PE & how it is done Example: Trampolines – too many safety issues Positive side more careful in planning & supervising activities Negative side Some activities not used because of perceived liability issues (rock climbing, rappelling) Title IX
Title Major provision was that no person would be denied access to participation based on sex in any educational program receiving federal financial assistance Nearly every school in U.S. receives some form of federal assistance Influences of Title IX on Physical
Education Preparing to Become a PE
Rules are made by individual states College degree from approved teacher
education program Certification by the state usually K12, also K6, 712 States with many small, rural schools tend to require more than one teaching major (i.e. PE & history) Field experience or student teaching requirements vary among states PE Programs &
Professions- Chap. 11
ProfessionsProblems & Issues in
Chapter 12 Technology in PE
Technology Many schools cannot afford Heart monitors enable students to track exercise patterns Students & teachers use internet to take part in newsgroups Online technology newsletter for K12 keeps students & teachers up to date Pedometers are widely used to count steps per day in fitness evaluation Issues in Elementary-School
Time Time allotted in elementary schools varies widely within states Many convinced that regular PA during the school day actually enhances student performance Must link with community & sport programs for children to add to amount of time in PA Elementary Specialist Teachers
Elementary Traditional elementary school is organized around the “selfcontained” classroom – one teacher provides instruction in all subjects Most classroom teachers had only one course in PE methods Specialist teachers gaining popularity come in & relieve classroom teacher Facilities
Facilities Issues in Secondary-School PE
Difficult teaching situations Co-ed Participation
Co-ed Traditional classes separated boys from girls Title IX made coed mandatory Study of adolescent girls in PE found many of them disliked their PE classes intensely & tried to find ways to avoid them (Olafson, 2002) In HS offering choices seems to be good solution Exemptions
Exemptions If PE is ever to be considered a basic subject in school curricula, then ALL students should be enrolled in it Ample evidence that in many states, PE not considered a truly basic subject Some schools exempt students for high scores on physical competency tests, participation in other activities, etc. So?
So? Does it disturb you that PE seems to be suffering during a time in which sport & fitness have assumed major cultural importance? Shouldn’t school PE should provide the foundation for lifespan involvement in sport, fitness, and PE? The PhysicalScience
Subdisciplines The Physical-Science
– Exercise Physiology
– Kinesiology & Biomechanics
– Motor Behavior The initial kinesiology subdisciplines to emerge in the last quarter of 20th century Have a strong research focus A growing consultingclinical focus The Social-Science
Subdisciplines Emerged later than physicalscience subdisciplines Focused on critiquing & improving practice in sport, exercise, & PE
– Sport Pedagogy
– Sport Sociology
– Sport & Exercise Psychology
– The Sport Humanities ...
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- Fall '09
- Classical education movement