ESS 3318 - Aggression 11

ESS 3318 - Aggression 11 - Aggression in Sport Department...

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Aggression in Sport Texas Tech University
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Key Terms: Colloquial Uses of the Term “Aggression” “hustle” “drive” ambitious behavior (e.g, aggressive salesperson)
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Key Terms: Colloquial Uses of the Term “Aggression” Relative to Sport playing with extreme effort playing with “reckless abandon” (e.g., aggressive base running) an aggressive player is sometimes referred to as a “real competitor”
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Key Terms: Social Science Definition of Aggression Any form of behavior directed toward the goal of harming or injuringanother living beingwho is motivated to avoidsuch treatment (Baron & Richardson, 1994)
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Key Terms: Social Science Def. of Aggression Masochism!?! Sport? 4. ―Motivated to avoid‖ not self, not objects or things intentional not accidental injury/harm not required physical OR psychological not emotion (e.g., anger) not cognition (e.g.,imagery) 3. ―Another living being‖ 2. ―Goal of harming or injuring‖ Key Points: 1. ―Behavior‖
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Key Terms: Types of Aggressive Behavior Hostile or Reactive Aggression - Instrumental Aggression -
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Key Terms: Related Behaviors Assertiveness Purposeful and goal-directed behavior involving NO INTENT TO HARM. Violence Extreme physical aggression Assertiveness is not instrumental aggression. Instrumental aggression is not assertiveness.
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Key Terms: Assertive Behavior Assertive behavior involves high intensity and emotion but without intention to harm. So…. . When a coach tells his/her team that they should be more aggressive , they usually mean that they want their team to be more assertive !
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Key Terms: Aggression vs Assertive behavior Assertive behaviour No intention to harm Legitimate force Unusual effort and energy Instrumental aggression Intent to harm Goal to win No anger Hostile aggression Intent to harm Goal to harm Anger
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Measuring Aggressive Behavior Accurate measurement is difficult because it requires knowledge of intent/goals. Approaches include: 1. Asking individuals about their behaviors. Problem: 2. Inferring aggression from observations or injury. Problem:
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Measuring Aggressive Behavior 3. Penalty statistics. Problems: In summary, This area of research is littered with methodological problems…
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