Ess 3318 - Injury 11

Ess 3318 - Injury 11 - Psychosocial Aspects of Sport Injury...

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Psychosocial Aspects of Sport Injury
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Causes of Sport Injury Injuries don’t just happen… they are caused Environmental, Biomechanical, or anatomical factors Psychological factors Often these causal factors interact.
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Causes of sport injury Physical factors are the primary causes of athletic injuries, but psychological factors also contribute. Psychological Antecedents Personality factors Mixed findings about personality factors associated with injuries E.g., Paradox of Sensation Seeking (Smith, Smoll, Ptacek, 1990)
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Causes: How Injuries Happen Although personality has yielded mixed findings, Stress is consistently related to injury onset (Andersen and Williams, 1988 - revised by Williams & Andersen, 1998)
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Injury Causes: Stress–Athletic Injury Model Coping resources Psychological Skill Interventions Potentially Stressful Situation Stress Response Attentional Narrowing Attentional Distraction Muscle tension History of stressors Perception of Threat (cognitive appraisal) Personality factors
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Causes: What about the moderators? Personality Personality factors are not directly related to the incidence of athletic injuries, but they are directly and indirectly related to how the athlete reacts to the stress response (Williams & Andersen, 1998).
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Causes: What about the moderators? History of Stressors It is not just the stress generated from the immediate environment that predisposes injury. People with high levels of life stress have more sport -and exercise - related injuries (e.g., Williams & Andersen, 1998).
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Causes: What about the moderators? History of stressors Life stress and daily hassles undermine the ability to effectively address the stress response and associated physiological and attentional changes. Provides a partial explanation for the common case of recurring injury…or ‘injury plagued’ athletes.
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Causes: What about the moderators? Coping resources Examples: Social support when social support is present, the relationship between life stress and athletic injury is negligible (Patterson et al., 1998). Attentional strategy Associative v dissociative strategies. Dissociation strategy of running is associated with less incidence of injury (Masters & Ogles, 1998).
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Causes: What about the moderators? Coping resources Examples: Medication Many drugs have the ability to influence the stress response (and the probability of injury).
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Interventions Interventions play an important role in determining whether a potentially stressful situation will lead to conditions conducive to injury. Interventions aimed at altered cognitive appraisals
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2011 for the course ESS 3318 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '11 term at Texas Tech.

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Ess 3318 - Injury 11 - Psychosocial Aspects of Sport Injury...

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