ESS 3318 Burnout and Overtraining 11

ESS 3318 Burnout and Overtraining 11 - Burnout and...

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Burnout and Overtraining
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Definitions Periodized training the deliberate strategy of exposing athletes to high volume and high intensity training loads that are followed by a lower training load, known as a rest or taper stage (McCann, 1995) Goal of PT is for performance to peak at a particular time.
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Definitions Overtraining short cycle of training (a few days to a few weeks) during which athletes expose themselves to excessive training loads that are near or at maximal capacity. Should be wary of individual differences.
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Definitions - Staleness Staleness A physiological state of overtraining which manifests as deteriorated athletic readiness. Stale athletes have difficulty maintaining training routines Performance decrement (5% or greater for 2 weeks or more) that occurs during or following a period of overtraining
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Definitions - Staleness For stale athletes Performance does not improve in response to short-term reductions in training (O’Connor, 1997). Mood disturbance and increased perceptual effort during exercise. About 80% of stale athletes are clinically depressed.
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Mood Profile of Stale Athletes 40 45 50 55 60 Anxiety Depression Anger Vigour Fatigue Confusion Mood T-score Successful athletes Stale athletes Definitions - Staleness
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Definitions Burnout A more exhaustive psychophysiological response (than staleness) exhibited as a result of frequent, sometimes extreme, and generally ineffective efforts to meet excessive demands. Syndrome A constellation of symptoms that present as defining features for a condition of some epidemiological significance (Eklund & Cresswell, in press).
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Burnout Characteristics of burnout in sport: Enduring experience of: Physical and emotional exhaustion. Exhaustion takes the form of lost concern, energy, interest and trust. Depersonalization and devaluation: Impersonal and unfeeling. Cynicism and negative attitudes towards sport. Feelings of low personal accomplishment, low self-esteem, failure, and depression. Raedeke & Smith (2001).
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Staleness and burnout The idea that staleness and burnout are similar constructs is consistent with Silva’s (1990) view. But the idea that burnout and staleness are ‘interchangeable’ is not universally accepted.
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Staleness and Burnout Not all researchers in this area are comfortable using the phrase ‘staleness’. Others prefer to identify ‘early signs of burnout’ rather than staleness. E.g., (Creswell & Eklund, 2006)
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burnout Data indicate that this may be a significant problem. E.g., 66% of surveyed American College athletes had indicated that they had engaged in overtraining. 72% of the athletes reported some staleness during
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2011 for the course ESS 3318 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '11 term at Texas Tech.

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ESS 3318 Burnout and Overtraining 11 - Burnout and...

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