ESS 3318- Motivation

ESS 3318- Motivation - Motivation in Sport: A...

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Motivation in Sport: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective
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Nature of Motivation: An SDT Perspective Motivation is: a central and perennial issue in psychology. concerned with all aspects of behavioral activation and intention energy, direction, and persistence. a pre-eminent concern to those in Exercise Science roles that involve mobilising others to act (e.g., P.E. teacher, coach, health care provider, parent). A complex multifaceted construct. (Ryan & Deci, 2000)
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Nature of Motivation: An SDT Perspective SDT specifies three broad forms of motivation capable of driving achievement behaviors: Intrinsic Motivation Extrinsic motivation Amotivation Relative absence of motivation or lack of intention to engage in a behavior.
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Nature of Motivation: An SDT Perspective Intrinsic Motivation… “The inherent tendency to seek out novelty and challenges, to extend and exercise one’s capacities, to explore, and to learn.” Intrinsically motivated behaviors are: performed voluntarily not dependent upon material rewards, coercion, or constraints (Ryan & Deci, 2000, p. 70)
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Nature of Motivation: An SDT Perspective Extrinsic Motivation Extrinsic motivation underlies the performance of an activity to attain an outcome separable from the inherent experiential satisfactions of the activity itself (Ryan & Deci, 2000, p. 71)
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Nature of Motivation: An SDT Perspective People are extrinsically motivated when they engage in Sport or P/A behaviors in anticipation of (or in response to): tangible rewards (e.g., prize money, salary) social pressures (e.g., stigma assoc. with being overweight) functional outcomes (e.g., health/ well-being outcomes) aversive or coercive stimuli (e.g., threat of job loss) Ryan & Deci, 2000
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Nature of Motivation: An SDT Perspective Playing for: experiential rewards like enjoyment and the love of the game? tangible rewards like trophies, scholarships, medals or t-shirts? social rewards like prestige, status and fame?
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Nature of Motivation: An SDT Perspective Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Motivation Comparisons between people whose motivation is intrinsic versus those whose actions are extrinsically controlled reveal that intrinsic motivation results in: more interest, excitement, and confidence. enhanced performance, persistence, and creativity. heightened vitality, self-esteem, and general well-being. (Ryan & Deci, 2000)
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Nature of Motivation: An SDT Perspective Why would Intrinsic Motivation be valued by Sport Professionals? Benefits for players, students, and clients IM behaviors are more persistent, more enjoyable, and do more to enhance the person’s self -image than EM actions. IM players practice and play
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ESS 3318- Motivation - Motivation in Sport: A...

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