Chap 3 Dynamic System Theory

Chap 3 Dynamic System Theory - Functional movement pattern...

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Dynamic System Theory Movement patterns emerge, or self-organize, as a function of dynamic interactions among: Constraints: All of the factors , both limiting and enabling , within the practice environment that influence skill acquisition and performance Learner Biological and functional characteristics Environment Physical and social/emotional characteristics Task Goal Rules Implements or machines
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Interaction of Constraints That Shape Movement Behavior From K. M. Newell, Changes in movement and skill: Learning, retention, and transfer, in Dexterity and its development, M. L. Latash and M. T. Turvey (Eds.). © 1996 by Lawrence Erlbaum, Mahwah, NJ. Used with permission.
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Constraints-Led Approach Learner searches through a range of potential movement solutions for the optimum movement strategy: Affordances Perceptual-motor workspace
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Unformatted text preview: Functional movement pattern Attractor Hands-off practitioner Shallow vs. Deep Attractor Basins Your Perspective When someone is teaching you a new skill, which do you prefer: Being an active problem-solver figuring it out for yourself Having your instructor guide you in learning the skill in detail When you are the one teaching the new skill, are you a hands-on or hands-off practitioner? Type of Evidence Supporting Dynamic System Theory and Constraints-Led Approach 1. Demonstration showing that spontaneous movement patterns could self-organize as a result of a change in constraints. 2. Examination of the effect of playing area size, concluding that a wide area reinforces player success and a narrow area reinforces skill development and enhances decision making....
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2011 for the course ESS 3303 taught by Professor Staff during the Summer '08 term at Texas Tech.

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Chap 3 Dynamic System Theory - Functional movement pattern...

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