DevPsychTest3Notes - Intelligence & Creativity...

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Psychometric Approach Attempt to assess human behaviors and abilities. Focus on IQ. Binet came up with a test to identify who needed additional help compared to their classmates. Based on performance but not on inherited abilities. Terman took Binet’s test and created Stanford and Binet’s test. (Inherited intelligence test.) He also came up with IQ. Compares mental age with chronological age. Emphasizes intelligence as a trait or traits. (have not been defined as a single or as multiple traits.) One intelligence assessment would compare you across many situations. Charles Spearman – came up with idea that we had a general intelligence trait (g.) It classified people against many situations. Also, special intelligence (s.) Cattel and Horn: Fluid – relies on reasoning ability. Fluid intelligence often declines with age. Problem solving. Crystallized – reliance on knowledge gained through experience. Often seen increase with age. Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligence 8 intellectual abilities: Linguistic* Logical-mathematical* Musical Spatial* Bodily-kinesthetic Interpersonal Intrapersonal Naturalistic *can be tested with standardized tests in school. They develop separately. You can excel in one and not the other. Linked to different distinct structures in the brain. Savant Syndrome – extraordinary intelligence in one intelligence. (intellectually deficit in other areas [retarded]) (Gardener said you cannot classify someone as G ) Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory 3 aspects: Practical/Contextual – look to environment to show intelligence. (easily can adapt to environment. If they can’t then they move onto another environment.) Experiential – assess when a task is novel. Shows whether they can come up with solution without experience.
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Analytical – focuses on information processing skills. Thinking critically reflects intelligence. Can plan what to do and come up with a good strategy. Speed decreases with age. Development of Intelligence: Infancy – < 3 years. Difficult to test. Attention span can be measured by how quickly they habituate to stimuli and recognize new stimuli. Bayley Scales: first 42 months of age. Tries to measure intelligence by when they achieve developmental milestones (grasp-motor, adaptive behavior and following directions-mental) DQ – developmental quotient. (shows whether a child is developing within proper rate.) When DQ is low, usually a mental disability. Tends to be a major discontinuity between DQ(motor and mental/sensory) and IQ(logical). Childhood – IQs taken now can predict IQ later on.
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '11 term at Temple.

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DevPsychTest3Notes - Intelligence &amp; Creativity...

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