Qu1Rev Berman - Early Judaism Particularism emphasis on difference/uniqueness and ideas of sameness which ties the group together(For the groups

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Early Judaism Particularism - emphasis on difference/uniqueness and ideas of sameness, which ties the group together (For the group’s identity) -Importance of Distinctiveness 1. Choices J have made and how they define themselves 2. Non-J have also maintained distinctiveness of J people like creating legal, economical, etc, walls of separation Temple Period -First Temple was center of Jewish cult rituals (built by King Solomon in 10 th Cent. BCE )…Hierarchy of order develops and Babylonians destroy it in 587 BCE (Exilic period) -Second Temple 515 BCE (when idea of coherent body of J scriptures arise) and create systems of authority (scripture, sect) > Temple destroyed, by Romans, in 70 CE Post-Temple and Rabbinic Judaism (Talmud) 300-600 CE - Move from physical center to textual -Diaspora (dispersion of people who have common home and are no longer there) -Elite scholars “rabbis” say scriptures from 2 nd Temple is the beginning but not the end, and text and study of test is what they need and a physical center is not needed) - Talmud - elaboration of scripture (Torah) to make useful and can be applied to people’s lives) 1. Oral Torah 2. Re-elaboration of ritual & establishment of separation of J & non-J (rules like dietary laws, family/purity laws)…This is an important piece of particularism; religion concerned with difference. Medieval Europe Structure of Feudal Europe 9 th -16 th C. (1000-1700s) W. Eur. because most J lived there a) Political System -Aristocracy and very much hierarchy>Land owners made up aristocracy; Most land owners were nobles, but not all. b) Economic System- based on land/agriculture 1. Subsistence & only produce enough to keep house running. No surplus. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2011 for the course HISTORY 1002 taught by Professor Berman during the Fall '10 term at Temple.

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Qu1Rev Berman - Early Judaism Particularism emphasis on difference/uniqueness and ideas of sameness which ties the group together(For the groups

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