Sixties Final Exam Study Guide

Sixties Final Exam Study Guide - Final Exam Study Guide Be...

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Final Exam Study Guide Be able to identify and explain the significance of the following: Tet Offensive (1968)- a series of surprise attacks by the Vietcong (rebel forces sponsored by North Vietnam) and North Vietnamese forces, on scores of cities, towns, and hamlets throughout South Vietnam. It was considered to be a turning point in the Vietnam War. Even though the offensive was a military failure, for the North Vietnamese Communists and Vietcong (VC), pointing to their retreat and staggering casualties, it was a political and psychological victory for them because it dramatically contradicted optimistic claims by the U.S. gov’t that the war was all but over. It demonstrated the resolve of the Vietcong and the tenuous control South Vietnam had over its own territory and helped unite those at home in their dissenting opinions of the war. Vietnamization - plan to discourage the South Vietnamese to take more responsibility for fighting the war. It was hoped that this policy would eventually enable the United States to withdraw gradually all their soldiers from Vietnam. To increase the size of the ARVN, a mobilization law was passed that called up into the army all men in South Vietnam aged between seventeen and forty-three. Reality was four bloody years of war, 20, 000 more American deaths, and a peace that was “neither honorable nor lasting” according to George Herring. U.S. war in Cambodia - In order to protect Vietnamization process, and to be assured of friendly gov’t on Vietnam’s border, and to demonstrate his resolve, in 1970, Nixon ordered for U.S. troops to invade N. Vietnamese bases in Cambodia. Protests exploded all over the country, and especially on college campus, b/c the president promised to end the war but had expanded. Nixon blamed student who were killed at Kent State Univ., and Jackson State College, that if they had not been striking, the National Guardsmen wouldn’t have shot them. Nixon felt under siege by protests, Democratic Congress, hostile press and by the gov’t. Participatory democracy --the political life would be based in several root principles: that decision-making of basic social consequences be carried on by public groups; that politics can be seen positively as they are collectively creating an acceptable pattern of social relations; that politics has the function of bringing out of isolation and into community. Engaged citizenry forging their own collective fate, without domineering leaders of cumbersome bureaucracies, ruled the New Left, until the end of the 1960s. Anti-war teach-ins
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Sixties Final Exam Study Guide - Final Exam Study Guide Be...

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