Lecture 9e - Module 23, 24, 25 VIDEO re Learning

Lecture 9e - Module 23, 24, 25 VIDEO re Learning - Modules...

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Modules 22, 23, 25 The Psychology of Learning DVD Segments Worth Publishers Digital Media Archive: Psychology Segment 6. Pavlov’s Discovery of Classical Conditioning I. Ivan Pavlov, Russian physiologist, was interested in the reasons why dogs salivate, the nature of “the salivation reflex”. A. Why do dogs salivate? B. Hypothesis: “Dogs salivate because of a chemical reaction which occurs when a dog’s tongue touches food.” II. Problem: the dogs were beginning to salivate even before their tongues touched the food. Was something occurring entirely within the dogs themselves? A. Pavlov isolated the dogs from the food. When he presented the food, he coupled the arrival of the food with the ticking of a metronome. B. Soon the dogs began to salivate when hearing the ticking, even without the presence of the food itself. III. Pavlov believed that he had discovered how animals “learn” (acquire a new behavior), not just in the laboratory but even in the wild. A. The dogs “learned” (acquired a new behavior) through interaction with their environment. B. The dogs learned through an unconscious process – a process of which they were not aware and which they did not choose. (They did not enroll for credit; they did not compose crib sheets or suffer test anxiety.) C. The environment from which the dogs learned could be quite random and accidental, as in the wild. D. On the other hand, the environment could also be consciously planned and consciously controlled, as in Pavlov’s laboratory. 1. In other words, people could use Classical Conditioning to “train” animals to do what people want. 2. The animals did not have to agree or consent or even be aware that they were being manipulated. 3. The animals really could not resist.
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Segment 7. Watson’s Little Albert I. Watson places a mouse on little Albert’s lap. The mouse is furry, fluffy and playful. Little Albert likes the mouse. II. Watson places the same mouse on little Albert’s lap, and in the background suddenly bangs on a pair of cymbals. Albert is startled and begins to cry, pushing the mouse aside. He attempts to move away from the mouse. III.
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Lecture 9e - Module 23, 24, 25 VIDEO re Learning - Modules...

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