Lecture 9e - Module 36, Introduction to Motivation

Lecture 9e - Module 36, Introduction to Motivation - things...

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Module 36 Introduction to Motivation I. How can you detect whether motivation exists? Indicators of motivation A. Activation B. Persistence C. Intensity (Video, Psych: The Human Exp., Seg. 18, Motiv.) D. Definition of motivation: “that which energizes and directs behavior” II. Where does motivation come from? A. Theory #1: Instinct (p. 444 , definition), genetic factors, evolutionary theory B. Theory #2: Intrinsic physiological needs & extrinsic “incentives” result in psychological “drives” (hunger, thirst and other “motivations” for behavior) 1. drive-reducing behaviors (eating so that you’re no longer hungry, drinking so that you’re no longer thirsty) 2. the goal of drive-reducing behaviors is “homeostasis” in the original “need” (origin in body chemistry) C. Theory #3: “Optimum arousal “ 1. reaching an acceptable level of functioning by increasing arousal (rather than by “reducing a drive” originating in a “physiological need”) 2. no immediate physiological need (ex.: curiosity – the more interesting
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Unformatted text preview: things you find, the more interested you become: just the opposite of “drive reduction”; here arousal increases until an “optimum level” is reached) 3. subtle neurological factors: lateral hypothalamus “reward centers” (Video, Archive, Seg. 26, Self-Stim. In Rats) III. Are there different kinds of motivation? Is one kind of motivation as good as another? A. Maslow’s hierarchy 1. Show Fig. 36.2– Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Pyramid 2. Read p. 446 , bottom 3. Unfulfilled basic needs story both trust and love: a. Experiments with World War II veterans: starved to about 25% below their starting weights, the men lost interest in sex and social activities, and became obsessed with food b. “Nobody want to kiss when they are hungry” – Dorothea Dix B. Subtle neurological factors: neuro-physiology of drug addicts, neuro-physiology of thrill seekers; moderating effects of the frontal lobe (non-existent in recklessly impulsive rats)...
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2011 for the course PSCH 100 taught by Professor Rosanova during the Fall '08 term at Ill. Chicago.

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