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2154 Ch 9 Pt 1 Spring2010 (1)

2154 Ch 9 Pt 1 Spring2010 (1) - SOWK2154 ShariE.Miller,PhD...

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The Profession of Social Work SOWK 2154 Shari E. Miller, PhD Services for Families & Children Chapter 9, pp. 239-257
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Diversity of Families Family “A primary group whose members assume certain  obligations for each other and generally share  common residences Family structure Nuclear family Nontraditional alternatives Single-parent Stepfamilies Blended families Intergenerational families Gay and Lesbian Families
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Thrusts of Services Figure 9.1: Continuum of Need (p. 243) Basic financial and material resources all  families need to survive Limited supportive services Moderate supportive services Extensive supportive services Substitute services Services necessary to remain intact: limited,  moderate, or extensive services
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Child Welfare Network of policies programs Empower families Promote healthy environment Protect children Meet children’s needs Recent shift in emphasis from focus on  child to focus on social environment
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Supportive Services Provide external support to enhance family  functioning while children remain in home Basic financial & other resource assistance Various types of mental health treatment  Child protective services (CPS) Intensive family preservation services Day care Family life education
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Substitute Services Another family or environment is  substituted for the child’s own family Foster care Residential placement in group home,  treatment center, or institution Independent living Adoption
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Child Maltreatment Term for physical abuse, sexual abuse,  emotional abuse and neglect Physical abuse Child younger than 18 years of age is injured … or  at risk of injury as a result of having been hit with a  hand or other object, or having been kicked,  shaken, thrown, burned, stabbed, or choked by a  parent or parent-surrogate
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Child Maltreatment: Physical Abuse Physical indicators Bruises, Lacerations, Fractures, Burns, Head &  Internal injuries. Often injuries don’t make sense – explanations might not be  logical Frequent or multiple injuries that are hard to explain Behavioral indicators Extreme passivity and submissiveness to avoid  provoking abusive parent or other caregiver Marked aggression and hostility, modeling behavior of  a violent parent
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Child Maltreatment: Sexual  Abuse Any sexual activity with child where consent  is not or cannot be given Sexual contact by force or threat of force,  regardless of age of participants All sexual contact between adult and child,  regardless of deception or understanding
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