2154 Ch 12 Pt 2 Spring2010

2154 Ch 12 Pt 2 Spring2010 - SOWK2154 ShariE.Miller,MSW,PhD...

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The Profession of Social Work SOWK 2154 Shari E. Miller, MSW, PhD SW and Services in Health Care Chapter 12, pp. 335-344
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Global Crisis of HIV/AIDS
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Global Crisis of HIV/AIDS 2007 2.1 million people worldwide died from AIDS 2007 2.5 million new HIV infections In US 1.2 million are infected with HIV 2006 35,314 new cases diagnosed in 33 states in US; not  reflection of actual numbers Race/Gender 49% of diagnoses in African-Americans though only make up  12.8% of US population 18% of diagnoses in Hispanics/Latinos though only 14% of  population 27% of new transmissions women, (8% 1985, 13% 1990) Rate of infection 21 times greater for African American women, 5 times  greater for Latinas, than white women
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Global Crisis of HIV/AIDS AIDS (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome) Caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), disease that destroys body’s  immune system Opportunistic diseases Conditions and infections not usually life threatening but take advantage of  weakened immune system and invade it Virus Submicroscopic, infectious parcel of genetic material, in some ways resembling  tiny living organism and in other ways inert material, can  grow and multiply only  within living cells of bacteria, plants, and animals Retrovirus Virus that invades normal cells and causes them to reproduce more of the virus  rather than reproduce themselves like normal cells CD4 T-4 cells Fight off diseases invading the body
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