October 6

October 6 - Introduction to American Government October 6,...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to American Government October 6, 2008 POLS 1105H The University of Georgia Prof. Anthony Madonna ajmadonn@uga.edu Polls COLORADO (Denver Post/Mason-Dixon): Obama - 44%, McCain - 44%, Others - 4%. MINNESOTA (Minneapolis Star-Tribune): Obama - 55%, McCain - 37%. OHIO (Columbus Dispatch): Obama - 49%, McCain - 39%, Others - 5%. PENNSYLVANIA (Muhlenberg College): Obama - 50%, McCain - 40%. The Vice President It makes the Vice-President of the United States, John Tyler, of Virginia, Acting President of the Union for four years less one month. Tyler is a political sectarian, of the slave-driving, Virginian, Jeffersonian school, principled against all improvement, with all the interests and passions and vices of slavery rooted in his moral and political constitution - with talents not above mediocrity, and a spirit incapable of expansion to the dimensions of the station upon which he has been cast by the healing hand of Providence, unseen through the apparent agency of chance. To that benign and healing hand of Providence I trust, in humble hope of the good which it always brings forth out of evil. In upwards of half a century, this is the first instance of a Vice President being called to act as President of the United States, and brings to the test that provision of the Constitution which places in the Executive chair a man never thought of for it by anybody. This day was in every sense gloomy - rain the whole day. John Quincy Adams Review Two Presidencies Domestic and Foreign Affairs Executive Orders Has the force of law. 19th Century Presidents Comparatively little power era of cabinet government. The Modern Presidency As government expanded during the twentieth century, so did the workload of the president. With additional responsibilities, the chief executive: Gained discretion both in hiring personnel to administer these programs And in deciding what specific activities and regulations were necessary to achieve the mandated objectives. The Modern Presidency As the obligations of government grew, oversight of the executive began to tax Congresss time and resources and its ability to do its work. Congress found its own interests served by delegating to the White House a sizable share of administrative duties and the policy discretion that went with it. Because the same party generally controlled these branches, it made it easier for Congress to transfer authority to the executive. Often no practical alternative. Delegation When members of Congress write public laws, they can decide to delegate a little or a lot of rulemaking authority to the president. At times Congress delegates less from programmatic necessity than to gain political advantage....
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October 6 - Introduction to American Government October 6,...

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