geography - Chapter 4 Latin America Learning Objectives...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Chapter 4 Latin America Learning Objectives • Understand Latin America’s culture, and how colonization has affected it • Know about the Andes and the Amazon • Understand these concepts and models: -Agrarian Reform -Dependency Theory -Dollarization -Growth poles -Altiplano -El Nino -Maquiladora -Mercosur
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Introduction • Latin America has 17 countries – Large, diverse populations • 490 million people total • Indian and African presence • 75% of the people live in cities • Several megacities (10 million people+) • Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) proposes to integrate economies of Latin America, North America and the Caribbean (except Cuba) • Natural resource extraction remains important
Background image of page 2
3 Environmental Geography: Neotropical Diversity • Much of the region lies in the tropics, but not all – Neotropics: tropical ecosystems of the Western Hemisphere » Large species diversity, inspired Darwin • Environmental Issues Facing Latin America • Relatively large land area and low population density has minimized environmental degradation • Latin America has the opportunity to avoid mistakes that other regions have made • Brazil and Costa Rica have conservation movements – The Destruction of Tropical Rainforests • Deforestation is the most common environmental problem in Latin America
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4 Environmental Geography (cont.) Environmental Issues (cont.) – Destruction of Tropical Rainforests (cont.) • Affected regions: Atlantic coastal forests of Brazil and Pacific forests of Central America • Causes: agriculture, settlement, and ranching – Grassification: conversion of tropical forest to pasture • Concerns: loss of biological diversity – Tropical rainforests: 6% of Earth’s landmass but 50% of species – Urban Environmental Challenges: Valley of Mexico -Air pollution, smog -Water resources: quality & quantity -Sinking land: occurring as Mexico City draws down aquifer -Modern urban challenges: squatter settlements But Curitaba is a “Green City”
Background image of page 4
5 Environmental Geography (cont.) • Western Mountains and Eastern Shields – The Andes • Relatively young, 5,000 miles long; 30 peaks over 20K feet • Contain valuable metals and minerals • Altiplano: treeless, elevated plain in Peru and Bolivia – The Uplands of Mexico and Central America • Most major cities and population found here • Rich volcanic soils – The Shields • Large upland plateaus of exposed crystalline rock – Brazilian shield is the largest, covering most of Brazil – Has natural resources and settlement
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/09/2011 for the course GEOG 51433 taught by Professor Stutz during the Spring '11 term at Mesa CC.

Page1 / 74

geography - Chapter 4 Latin America Learning Objectives...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online