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12_13_14_Lecture_Notes

12_13_14_Lecture_Notes - Chapter 12 South Asia Learning...

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1 Chapter 12: South Asia Learning Objectives Understand the climatological challenges of this region, e.g. monsoons, cyclones, flooding Learn about the challenges and strategies of feeding a large and growing population Become familiar with the physical, demographic, cultural, political, and economic characteristics of South Asia Understand the following concepts and models: -Mughal Empire -Orographic rainfall -Subcontinent -Indian diaspora - Monsoon -Green Revolution -Caste system -Hinduism
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2 Introduction The Himalayan Mountains are in South Asia Called the Indian subcontinent India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives South Asia is the world’s second most populous region The population is growing South Asia was a British colony for several centuries Since 1947, India and Pakistan have been embroiled in conflict; both countries have nuclear weapons This region is one of the world’s poorest
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3 Environmental Geography: Diverse Landscapes, from Tropical Islands to Mountain Rim Natural Hazards in Bangladesh Ganges and Brahmaputra river deltas flood in wet summer monsoons; dense settlement there causes many deaths Forests and Deforestation Ganges Valley and coastal plains of India deforested for agriculture Deforestation’s causes: agricultural, urban, and industrial expansion Problems: fuel wood shortage leads to use of manure which then cannot be used as fertilizer
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