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study guide units 14,22,27

study guide units 14,22,27 - Unit 14 Alcohol The Positives...

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Unit 14: Alcohol: The Positives and Negatives Alcoholism : an illness characterized by a dependence on alcohol and by a level of alcohol intake that interferes with health, family and social relations, and job performance. Alcohol poisoning: a condition characterized by mental confusion, vomiting, seizures, slow or irregular breathing, and low body temperature due to the effects of excess alcohol consumption. It is life threatening and requires emergency medical help. Moderate alcohol consumption: considered to be one standard-sized drink per day for women and two drinks for men Health benefits associated with moderate alcohol consumption: moderate alcohol consumption by healthy adults who aren’t pregnant appears to cause no harm associated with a significant level of protection against heart disease increases the body’s production of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) o HDL helps eliminate cholesterol from the body, and that reduces plaque buildup in arteries red wine in particular reduces the risk of heart disease more than other alcoholic beverages o pigments in red wine act as antioxidants and decrease the tendency of blood to clot (which happens during a heart attack) and decrease the ability of LDL cholesterol to stick to plaque in the arteries Negative impacts of heavy alcohol consumption: heavy drinking = five or more drinks per day ill effects most obvious in people with alcoholism increased risk of developing high blood pressure, stroke, and cirrhosis of the liver; throat, stomach, and bladder cancer; central nervous system disorders; and vitamin and mineral deficiency diseases related to many deaths from homicide, drowning, fires, traffic accidents, and suicide o large proportion of rapes and assaults alcohol poisoning can cause death drinking during pregnancy can cause fetal alcohol syndrome in the baby o long-term growth and mental retardation o severity depends on how much the mother drinks during pregnancy, whether the mother is genetically susceptible to adverse effects of alcohol, and if excessive intake occurred early or late in pregnancy How alcohol is metabolized and how drinking affects diet quality: Diet quality: alcohol has 7 calories per gram high in caloric content “empty-calorie” foods because provide calories and few or no nutrients diets of heavy drinkers provide too little thiamin, vitamins A and C, calcium, and iron deficiencies of nutrients, as well as direct, toxic effects of high levels of alcohol ingestion, produce most of the physical problems associated with alcoholism
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