Prelim 1 study notes

Prelim 1 study notes - Psych 101 study notes Old Prelim...

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Unformatted text preview: Psych 101 study notes: Old Prelim Questions and Key Terms: Flowers are Red- creativity The Heavy Suitcase- physical apperance Face the Rear- conformity President Clinton- sleep deprivation Compared to subconscious information processing, conscious information processing is relatively __slow______ and especially effective for solving __new______ problems. In sleep stage 2- cascade of calcium in the motor cortex The activation-synthesis theory proposes that dreams come from: timing, duration, intensity and location of neuronal activity check page 271 for what sleep stages look like sleep spindles-burst of activity- stage 2 cerebral cortex in Broca's area- associated with speech genital arousal is most like associated with-paradoxical sleep melotonin and adenosine and serotonin increases sleepiness With increasing age, adopted children's intelligence test scores become __less______ like their adoptive parents' scores and __more______ similar to their biological parent's scores. Forgotten memories that we can easily recall were said by Freud to be: preconscious. The false conscious effect- the tendency to overestimate the extent to which others share out beliefs and behaviors According to social exchange theory, altruistic behavior is guided by: calculations of costs and benefits. Religious appeals bring the ultimate in response Reverend Jim Jones- preached love, food works, faked faith healing 913 suicides 276 were children Module 1: Psychology- the scientific study of behavior and mental processes Empiricism- the view that (a) knowledge comes from experience via the senses, and (b) science flourishes through observation and experiment. 1 Depression can be both a thought disorder and a brain disorder. Module 2: Hindsight bias- the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have foreseen it. (the i- knew-it-all-along phenomenon) Critical thinking- thinking tha soes not blindly accept arguments and conclusion. Rather, it examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluate evidence and assesses conclusions Module 3: The best basis for generalizing is from a representative sample of cases Case study- an observation technique in which one person is studied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principles False consensus effect- the tendency to overestimate the extent to which others share out beliefs and behaviors Naturalistic observation-observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations without trying to manipulate and control the situation Illusory correlation- the perception of a relationship where none exist Representative samples are better than biased samples Less variable observations are more reliable than those that are more variable More cases are better than fewer Statistical significance indicates the likelihood that a result will happen by chance. It does not indicate the importance of the result Module 4: Biological psychology- a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biology and behavior...
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Prelim 1 study notes - Psych 101 study notes Old Prelim...

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