study guide 2003 symposium one

study guide 2003 symposium one - SymposiumStudyGuide...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Symposium Study Guide Chapter Summary: Introductory Dialogue The Symposium opens with an unnamed man asking Apollodorus, to recount the story of the symposium too him. Apollodorus agrees, but explains that he is telling the story, which in turn he was told by Aristodemus who attended the party. Apollodorus then tells how the dinner proceeded, and how after the eating was done the men decided to send away the flute-girl and have a discussion on the subject of love. Apollodorus also apologizes because he cannot remember all the speeches and cannot even remember all that Aristodemus told him. This idea that the story we are about to receive is much removed from the original source is somewhat related to the Theory of Forms, in that there are several levels between the present discussion and the truth. The absence of the flute-girl, which might carry some sexual connotation, makes the room now completely male, and thus increases the focus on homosexual love in the following speeches. The Speech of Phaedrus Phaedrus speech depicts Love as an ancient god born out of Chaos. He explains, “I cannot say what greater good there is for a young boy than a gentle lover, or for a lover than a boy to love. There is a certain guidance each person needs for his whole life, if he is to live well; and nothing imparts this guidance – not high kinship, not public honor, not wealth – nothing imparts this guidance as well as Love,” (178C-D). This passage captures the essence of Phaedrus speech. He believes that Love is a great teacher; it educates the youth and promotes virtue among men. Phaedrus bases his argument in Homeric myth and literature. He cites several well known stories and extracts his points from there. It is important to realize that this speech does not address Love so much as it addresses the effects of Love. Phaedrus concludes his speech, “Love is…the most powerful in helping men gain virtue and blessedness,” (180B). The Speech of Pausanias Pausanias begins his speech by drawing a distinction between Heavenly Love and Common Love. Pausanias believes that Common Love is the lesser of the two forms because it is equally directed at women and boys, and because it pertains more to the physical body and not to the mind. Heavenly love is a bond between a man and an adolescent boy, and as Pausanias describes it, “Love’s value to the city as a whole and to the citizens is immeasurable, for he compels the lover and his loved one alike to make virtue their central concern,” (185B-C). Pausanias is just like Phaedrus in that he explains the effects of love, and more specifically focuses on how love relates to virtue. However,
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
where Phaedrus grounded his argument in literature, Pausanias grounds his argument in his knowledge of Greek culture and social expectations. The Speech of Eryximachus
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

study guide 2003 symposium one - SymposiumStudyGuide...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online