Chapter 6 Psy - Chapter 6 o Description Of Conduct Problems...

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Chapter 6 o Description Of Conduct Problems Conduct problems and antisocial behaviors describe age-inappropriate actions/attitudes that violate family expectations, societal norms, or personal or property rights of others Disruptive/rule-violating behaviors range from annoying minor behaviors (e.g., temper tantrums) to serious antisocial behaviors (e.g., vandalism, theft, assault) o Context, Costs, and Perspective Antisocial behaviors appear and decline during “normal” development According to their parents, 50% of preschoolers steal, lie, disobey, or destroy property vs. 10% of young adolescents (Achenbach, 1991) 6% of adolescents refrain from all antisocial behaviors, and they tend to be excessively conventional and socially incompetent (Moffitt et al., 1996) some antisocial behaviors decrease with age whereas some increase with age and opportunity more common in boys in childhood , but the gender difference decreases in adolescence Social and Economic Costs Conduct problems are the most costly mental health problem in US (i.e., juvenile justice system, social services, mental health system, EOD) Early, persistent, extreme pattern of antisocial behavior occurs in about 5% of children; these children account for over 50% of crime in the U.S. and 30-50% of clinic referrals Lifetime cost to society per child who leaves high school for life of crime/substance abuse: about $2 million o Conduct Problems from Legal Perspectives: Juvenile delinquency : children who have broken a law and became involved in legal system Minimum age of responsibility is 12 in most states Conduct Problems from Psychological Perspectives Conduct problems seen as falling on a continuous dimension of externalizing behavior 1 or more SD above the mean Rule-breaking behavior: e.g. stealing, skipping school Aggressive behavior: e.g., fighting, being disruptive o Psychiatric Perspective In the DSM-IV-TR, conduct problems are described as persistent patterns of antisocial behavior Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) Conduct disorder (CD) o Public Health Perspective
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Blends the legal, psychological, and psychiatric perspectives with public health concepts of prevention and intervention Goal: reduce injuries, deaths, personal suffering, and economic costs associated with youth violence Cuts across disciplines o DSM-IV-TR: Defining Features Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) Age-inappropriate, stubborn, hostile, and defiant behaviors Usually appears by age 8 Many behaviors (e.g., temper tantrums) are common in young children severe/age-inappropriate ODD behaviors have negative effects on parent- child interactions o DSM Diagnostic Criteria for ODD A. A pattern of negative, hostile, and defiant behavior lasting at least 6 months, during which four (or more) of the following are present: 1)Often loses temper 2)Often argues with adults 3)Often actively defies or refuses to comply with adults’ request or rules
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2011 for the course ART, PSYCH 101, 1021, taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '11 term at St.Francis College.

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Chapter 6 Psy - Chapter 6 o Description Of Conduct Problems...

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