Exam4FC_5 - The flashcards are formatted for printing....

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Organizational Structure Organizing
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Arranging and structuring work to accomplish the organization’s goals. The formal arrangement of jobs within an organization.
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Work Specialization Organizational Design
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Developing or changing an organization’s structure. Dividing work activities into separate job tasks.
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Functional Deparmentaliza tion Departmentalizati on
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The basis by which jobs are grouped together. Grouping jobs by functions performed.
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Geographical Deparmentaliza tion Product Departmentaliz ation
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Grouping jobs by product line. Grouping jobs on the basis of geographical region.
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Customer Departmentaliz ation Process Departmentaliz ation
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Grouping jobs on the basis of product or customer flow. Grouping jobs on the basis of specific and unique customers who have common needs.
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Chain of Command Cross-Functional Teams
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Work teams composed of individuals from various functional specialties. The line of authority extending from upper organizational levels to the lowest levels, which clarifies who reports to whom.
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Responsibility Authority
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The rights inherent in a managerial position to tell people what to do and to expect them to do it. The obligation to perform any assigned duties.
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Span of Control Unity of Command
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The management principle that each person should report to only one manager. The number of employees a manager can efficiently and effectively manage.
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Decentralization Centralization
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The degree to which decision making is concentrated at upper levels of the organization. The degree to which lower-level employees provide input or actually make decisions.
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Formalization Employee Empowerment
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Giving employee more authority (power) to make decisions. How standardized an organization’s jobs are and the extent to which employee behavior is guided by rules and procedures.
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Organic Organization Mechanistic Organization
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An organizational design that’s rigid and tightly controlled. An organizational design that’s highly adaptive and flexible.
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Mass Production Unit Production
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The production of items in units or small batches. The production of items in large batches.
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Simple Structure Process Production
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The production of items in continuous processes. An organizational design with low departmentalization, wide spans of control, centralized authority, and little formalization.
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Divisional Structure Functional Structure
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An organizational design that groups similar or related occupational specialties together. An organizational structure made up of separate, semi- autonomous units or divisions.
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Matrix Structure Team Structure
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structure in which the entire organization is made up of work groups or teams. An organizational
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