Exam4 FC - The flashcards are formatted for printing....

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Division of Labor Division of Labor and Coordination
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The two fundamental requirements of all organizational structures: Refers to the subdivision of work into separate jobs assigned to different people.
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Coordination Coordination
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Mechanisms required to ensure that everyone works in concert. Tends to become more expensive and difficult as the division of labor increases, so companies specialize jobs only to the point where it isn’t too costly or challenging.
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Informal Communication Divided
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When work is ____, you need coordination and integration. Sharing information on mutual tasks; forming common mental models to synchronize work activities.
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Informal Communication Informal Communication
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Coordinating mechanism that includes direct communication, liaison roles, integrator roles, and temporary teams. Vital in non-routine and ambiguous situations because employees can exchange a large volume of information through face-to-face communication and other media-rich channels.
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Narrow; Wide Span of Control
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The number of people directly reporting to the next level in the hierarchy. A ____ span of control exists when very few people report directly to a manager, whereas a ____ span exists when a manager has many direct reports.
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Centralized Centralization
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The degree to which formal decision authority is held by a small group of people, typically those at the top of the organizational hierarchy. Most organizations begin with ____ structures, as the founder makes most of the decisions and tries to direct the business toward his or her vision.
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Tall Structure Decentralization
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Disperse decision authority and power throughout the organization. A hierarchy with more layers of management; undermine employee empowerment and engagement because they focus power around managers rather than employees.
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Tall Structure Tall Structure
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Senior managers receive lower quality and less timely information from the external environment because information from frontline employees is transmitted slowly or Have high overhead costs because most layers consist of managers rather than employees who actually make the product or service.
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not at all up the hierarchy.
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Flat Structure Flat Structure
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A delayered hierarchy, where one or more levels in the
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