Exam2 - FC3

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Commons Ecology
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The study of how living things (plants and animals) interact with one another in an ecosystem; by some measures, the demands of human society have already exceeded the carrying S shared resources that a group of people uses collectively.
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capacity of the earth’s ecosystem.
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Ecological Challenges Paradox of the Commons
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If all individuals maximize their own advantage in the short term, the commons will be destroyed. Preserving our common ecosystem and assuring its continued use is a new imperative for business, government, and society; sustainable development.
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Sustainable Development Sustainable Development
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Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Protecting the environment will require economic development, which must be accompanied by sustainability; an appealing, but controversial idea.
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Renewable; Nonrenewable Sustainable Development
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Requires that human society use natural resources at a rate that can be continued over an indefinite period (renewable and nonrenewable resources). ____ resources can be naturally replenished (water, forests), while ____ resources are gone forever once they’re used (fossil fuels like oil and coal).
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Carrying Capacity 1. Population explosion 2. World income inequality 3. Rapid industrialization of developing nations
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Three critical factors have combined to accelerate the ecological crisis facing the world community and to make sustainable development more difficult: Resources can renew themselves only if given the time and ability.
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Limits to Growth Hypothesis Carrying Capacity
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The world resource base is essentially finite, or bounded. Suggests human society is overshooting earth’s carrying capacity, with drastic consequences if changes are not made.
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Technological Innovation Ecological Footprint
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The amount of land and water a human population needs to produce the resources it consumes and to
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