Exam2 - FC4 - The flashcards are formatted for printing...

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Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Government
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Regulates business activity in order to protect the environment; by setting common standards, governments can take the cost of pollution control out of competition; can Main agency charged with pollution control; manage the U.S. environment; established in 1970.
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provide economic incentives and offer systems for resolving disputes.
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Land Pollution Air, Water, and Land Pollution
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In the United States, the federal government regulates in three major areas of environmental protection: The contamination of land by both solid and hazardous waste; include movement for environmental justice.
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Water Pollution Air Pollution
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Occurs when more pollutants are emitted into the atmosphere than can safely be absorbed and diluted by natural processes; a special problem is acid rain. Occurs when more wastes are dumped into waterways than can be naturally diluted and carried away.
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Superfund Environmental Justice
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Efforts to prevent inequitable exposure to hazardous risks in disadvantaged communities (i.e. Superfund). Established fund to clean up the most dangerous toxic waste sites in the U.S.; program is regarded as a public policy failure because there is no end in sight.
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Environmental Standards Superfund
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i.e. CERCLA Standard allowable levels of various pollutants are established by legislation or regulatory action; command-and- control quality and emission standards; create huge regulatory
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bodies to watch and punish people.
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Tradable Permits Market-Based Mechanisms
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Based on the idea that the market is a better control than extensive standards that specific precisely hat companies must do. Allows businesses to buy and sell the right to pollute; if you’re not ready to reduce emissions, buy them.
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1. Market- based mechanisms 2. Information disclosure 3. Civil and criminal enforcement 1. Government incentives 2. Emissions charges or fees 3. Tradable permits
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4. Environment al standards
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Market-based mechanisms: Alternative policy approaches to regulating the environment:
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Information Disclosure Information Disclosure
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2011 for the course MAN 4701 taught by Professor Putchinski,l during the Spring '08 term at University of Central Florida.

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Exam2 - FC4 - The flashcards are formatted for printing...

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