How a Bill Becomes a Law

How a Bill Becomes a Law - How a Bill Becomes a Law Between...

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How a Bill Becomes a Law Between the conclusion of the organizational session and the regular session (usually from December 10 through December 24), a legislator may profile a bill with the Legislative Council. The Legislative Council staff numbers the bill and has the bill printed so that copies are available when the Legislative Assembly convenes in regular session. These profiled bills are technically introduced on the first day of the regular session, even though they have received numbers, have been printed, and have been referred to the appropriate standing committees by the Lieutenant Governor (for Senate measures) or the Speaker of the House (for House measures). During a legislative session, a legislator can deliver a bill to the bill clerk of the appropriate house any time during the day. If the Legislative Council staff has not prepared the bill, the bill is delivered to the Legislative Council staff for a review to determine if the bill complies with the form and style requirements for bills. The Legislative Council staff prepares the bill in accordance with the requirements, and then returns the form and style bill to the bill clerk. Every bill received by the bill clerk before the deadline set for that day is numbered by the clerk and is introduced during the Ninth Order of Business (the order for introducing bills of that house). Upon introduction, the bill's title is read by the Secretary of the Senate or Chief Clerk of the House. This is known as the First Reading. Once a bill receives its first reading, the presiding officer refers the bill to a standing committee with the appropriate subject matter jurisdiction over the bill, e.g., a bill relating to game and fish licenses would be referred to the Natural Resources Committee. The committee chairperson schedules a public hearing on the bill. By custom, every bill referred to committee is scheduled for public hearing. After public hearing the committee must report the bill back to the floor for a vote. The legislative rules require every bill referred to committee to be reported back to the floor for a vote. A committee report is received during the Fifth Order of Business. A committee must make one or more of the following recommendations with respect to a bill: do pass, do not pass, be amended, be referred to another committee, or be placed on the calendar without recommendation. Every bill reported from committee is placed on the calendar for consideration during the Eleventh Order of Business (the order for Second Reading, when measures are voted on for final passage) the next day. If the recommendation is for amendment, the amendment is voted on first under the Sixth Order of Business (when amendments are considered), rather than final passage, and then the amended bill is voted on the day following the day of the vote on the amendment. For example, a bill is reported back on Wednesday (during the Fifth Order), the amendment is
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2011 for the course POL SCI 180 taught by Professor Coaty during the Spring '11 term at Orange Coast College.

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How a Bill Becomes a Law - How a Bill Becomes a Law Between...

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