THE EVERGLADES NATIONAL PARK
The Everglades National Park
The Everglades is the largest designated wilderness east of the Rocky Mountains within
the United States. A wide variety of lives are found within the Everglades. All forms of life are
in danger in the everglades, from the different forms of habitat to the animals, Endangered, or
not. The park boundaries have increased from 460,000 acres to 1,509,533 acres.
In December 1947 President Harry S. Truman formally dedicated the Everglades
National Park. “Although, this park was set aside to protect the valuable culture and biological
resources the Everglades still face many issues that impact its very survival as an intact
ecosystem” (Everglades Conservation, unknown). The goal of the Comprehensive Everglades
Restoration Plan (CERP) is to restore and preserve habitats of south Florida and the Everglades
while controlling floods, and managing water supplies. The CERP will cost about Seven Billion
Dollars and will take approximately 20 years to develop. It will take the United States Army
Corp of engineers, south Florida Water Management District, along with other agencies, and
citizens, working together to make this plan successful (Everglades Conservation, unknown).
The Florida Splash Pines and the Cabbage Palms are found within the pine lands in the
prairies in the Fresh water marshes. Both of these trees are fighting for their existence. The
Florida Splash pines harvested for their sap, for the manufacturing of turpentine; railroad ties,
fuel, and lumber (unknown, 2006). “The Florida slash pine is a fire-tolerant species with multi-
layered bark, long needles that protect vulnerable buds, and seedlings with thick fire-resistant
stems” (Unknown). The Cabbage palm is also fire resistant, and thrives under poor soil
conditions. The Hardwood Hammocks are also within the Fresh Water Marshes. They provide
habitat for many threatened and endangered species, like the Silver Thatch Pine, Capania, and
the Tree Cactus.