PSYC1101_Personality_I - Psychodynamic Theory of...

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Psychodynamic Theory of Personality 7/14/10 I. Personality a. “The dynamic organization within the individual of those psychological systems that determine their characteristic behaviors and thoughts” (Allport, 1961) II. Psychodynamic Theory -Unconscious forces influence behavior a. Instincts i. Mental representations arising out of psychological or physical need b. The Pleasure Principle i. Directs people to seek pleasure and avoid/minimize pain c. Libido i. Energy that drives the pleasure principle -Multiple instincts and energies drive behavior -Conflict between these forces is the cause of mental illness III. Topographical Model of the Mind -Three distinct levels of consciousness 1. Conscious 2. Preconscious (Retrieval from long term memory) 3. Unconscious IV. Psychosexual Stages of Development -Major tenet: Early childhood experiences have a major impact on adult personality -Freud proposed a developmental stage theory -Children go through developmental stages corresponding to satisfying different libidinal urges -In each psychosexual stage of development, libido is focused on one
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PSYC1101_Personality_I - Psychodynamic Theory of...

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