PSYC1101_Personality_II - Approaches to Personality 7/16/10...

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7/16/10 I. Humanistic approaches -Emphasize personal experiences and belief systems -Focus on subjective experience -Encourage unconditional positive regard a. Unconditional positive regard i. Acceptance and love no matter how one behaves b. Positive psychology movement i. Movement to scientifically study positive qualities ii. Subjective well-being 1. One primary area of emphasis is subjective well-being 2. Degree of felt happiness and satisfaction 3. Some positive psychology variables are studied in relation to personality a. Resilience, strength II. Trait approaches to personality a. Traits i. Behavioral dispositions that endure across time and across situations 1. Have both temporal and situational stability -Traits exist along a continuum -Ranging from very low to very high -Trait approaches assess individual differences in specific traits -Debate about the number of personality factors necessary to describe human behavior b. States i. Temporary behaviors or feelings c. Eysenck’s Hierarchical Model i. Eysenck (1947) ii. Proposed two superordinate traits 1. Composed of several lower order traits iii. Lower order traits are composed of repeated behavioral tendencies iv. Introversion/extraversion 1. The extent to which people are:
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PSYC1101_Personality_II - Approaches to Personality 7/16/10...

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