PSYC1101_Thought_II

PSYC1101_Thought_II - Intelligence 6/25/10 6/28/10 I....

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Intelligence 6/25/10 – 6/28/10 I. Intelligence a. Defined broadly as the ability to: i. Reason ii. Make decisions iii. Understand complex ideas iv. Learn v. Adapt to the environment II. Measuring Intelligence a. Binet i. Sought to determine children who would not benefit from instruction ii. Binet-Simon Intelligence Scale iii. Stanford – Binet (1919) 1. Lewis Terman a. Brought intelligence testing to the United States i. Translated Binet-Simon into English b. Created Normative scores i. Average scores for each age b. Intelligence Quotient (IQ) i. Mental Age 1. Child’s intellectual standing compared to children of the same age 2. IQ=(Mental Age/Chronological Age) x100 a. Example i. Mental Age=10 ii. Chronological Age=8 iii. IQ=(10/8)x100 iv. IQ=125 v. Average IQ=100 c. Adult Intelligence i. Problem: IQ formula does not work for adults d. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) i. Two Parts 1. Verbal a. Comprehension b. Vocabulary c. General Knowledge 2. Performance a. Nonverbal tasks
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e. Distribution of IQ scores i. Average IQ 1. Set to 100 (Standard Deviation=15) f. Intelligence Tests and Performance i. Do intelligence tests predict important outcomes? 1.
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PSYC1101_Thought_II - Intelligence 6/25/10 6/28/10 I....

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