PSYC2015_Test_1

PSYC2015_Test_1 - Test 1 1. If two variables X and Y are...

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Test 1 1. If two variables X and Y are related such that that decreases in X tend to correspond to decreases in Y, then the direction of the correlation is a. Positive b. Negative c. Correlated d. Linear 2. Naturalistic observation techniques are recommended when a. Experiments would not possess external validity b. Experiments would not be quick to implement c. Experiments would not be cheap to implement d. Experiment would not be ethical 3. Identify the correct statement about cross-sectional studies a. Comparisons are between groups b. Comparisons are within groups 4. A non-arbitrary origin is characteristic of what measurement level a. Ordinal b. Ratio c. Interval d. Nominal 5. Evidence for the construct validity of a particular operational definition is divergent if
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a. It correlates with other operational definitions of the same construct b. It does not correlate with operational definitions of a different construct c. It correlates with operational definitions of a different construct d. It does not correlate with other operational definitions of the same construct 6. Hypotheses are derived from theories thru the process of a. Induction b. Deduction c. Falsification d. Parsimony 7. Identify the correct statement about the major goals of science a. Control can be achieved before other any goals b. Explanation can be achieved before any other goals c. Prediction can be achieved before any other goals d. Description can be achieved before any other goals 8. Ex post facto studies are a. Correlational studies that resemble experiments b. Correlational studies that resemble surveys c. Correlational studies that resemble longitudinal studies d. Correlational studies that resemble developmental studies 9. The causal effect of independent variable X on dependent variable Y is moderated if the effect
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a. Depends on the presence of a third variable Z b. Changes in the presence of a third variable Z 10. Knowledge obtained thru the introspection method may be of limited value because of the requirement that scientific observations must be a. Public b. Repeatable c. Empirical 11. When an extraneous variable affects the dependent variable so that a true effect of the independent variable is not observed, it is called a. Negating b. Contrasting c. Masking d. Nullifying 12. Identify the correct statement a. A hypothesis is assumed true so that it can be tested b. A hypothesis is assumed false until it has been tested c. A hypothesis is assumed true until it is proven false d. A hypothesis is assumed false until it is proved true 13. What type of measurement scale is this: specifying whether an organism is plant or animal a. Ordinal b. Interval c. Nominal
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d. All of the above
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PSYC2015_Test_1 - Test 1 1. If two variables X and Y are...

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